An Introduction to Efficiency and Productivity Analysis (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, 1998 - Business & Economics - 275 pages
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An Introduction to Efficiency and Productivity Analysis is designed as a primer for anyone seeking an authoritative introduction to efficiency and productivity analysis. It is a systematic treatment of four relatively new methodologies in Efficiency/Production Analysis: (a) Least-Squares Econometric Production Models, (b) Total Factor Productivity (TFP) Indices, (c) Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), and (d) Stochastic Frontiers. Each method is discussed thoroughly. First, the basic elements of each method are discussed using models to illustrate the method's fundamentals, and, second, the discussion is expanded to treat the extensions and varieties of each method's uses. Finally, one or more case studies are provided as a full illustration of how each methodology can be used. In addition, all four methodologies will be linked in the book's presentation by examining the advantages and disadvantages of each method and the problems to which each method can be most suitably applied. The book offers the first unified text presentation of methods that will be of use to students, researchers and practitioners who work in the growing area of Efficiency/Productivity Analysis.The book also provides detailed advice on computer programs which can be used to calculate the various measures. This involves a number of presentations of computer instructions and output listings for the SHAZAM, TFPIP, DEAP and FRONTIER computer programs.
  

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
1
REVIEW OF PRODUCTION ECONOMICS
11
Production Functions
16
ADDITIONAL TOPICS IN PRODUCTION ECONOMICS
39
INDEX NUMBERS AND PRODUCTIVITY MEASUREMENT
69
2a SHAZAM Instructions for Output Price and Quantity Indices
83
ECONOMIC THEORY AND INDEX NUMBERS
99
EFFICIENCY MEASUREMENT USING DATA ENVELOPMENT
133
EFFICIENCY MEASUREMENT USING STOCHASTIC FRONTIERS
183
2a Listing of Data File EXA l DTA
194
ADDITIONAL TOPICS ON STOCHASTIC FRONTIERS
199
PRODUCTIVITY MEASUREMENT USING EFFICIENCY
221
2a Listing of Data File EG4 DTA
229
CONCLUSIONS
243
Computer Software
251
References
259

3a Listing of Data File EG l DTA
146
ADDITIONAL TOPICS ON DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS
161
2a Listing of Data File EG3 DTA
165

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