The Works of Nathaniel Lardner, Volume 4 (Google eBook)

Front Cover
T. Bensley, 1815 - Theology
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Contents

Sect 1 The Emperor Marcus Antoninus the Philosopher 161
72
Of the Persecutions in his Time
78
S A remarkable Deliverance of this Emperor in his Wars in Ger many and the History of the Thundering Legion considered
95
Apuleius of Madaura in Africa 164
107
Celsus Porphyry Hierocles Julian Fronto and some others 110
110
Celsus
113
His time and character and his work against the Christians ib 2 Passages in Celsus representing the Jewish expectation of the Messiah 378
114
Passages f Celsus containing references to the books of the New Testament 17r 115
115
Passages of Celsus concerning Christian Facts chiefly such as are recorded in theNew Testament 120
120
Passages of Celsus concerning Christian principles JSO 6 Passageconcerning the progress of the Christian religion
134
magical practices 157
137
Passages in Celsus concerning those called Heretic
138
Passages in Celsus containing calumnies or injurious reflec
139
tions upon the Christians
141
The Recapitulation 142r
142
Three summaries of the fragments of the works of Celsus pre served in Origen made by three several learned men
145
Lucian of Samosata
149
JElius Aristides the Sophist and Dion Chrysostom
156
Galen 200
161
Conclusion of the second century
162
The persecution of Severus and Spartians testimony to it 202
165
Diogenes Laertius 210 171
173
Alexander Severus 222
177
Ulpian
179
Dion Cassius
181
The persecution of Maximin the First or the Thracian 235
186
The Emperor PhilipThe question considered whether he was a Christian 244 187
244
IV
1
Chap XXX
191
XXXV
207
XLI
295
XLIT
307
XXVII
355
LI
371
I
388
LXII
422
The Emperor Aurelian
432
The overthrow of Rhadagaisus a Gothic Prince in the year 405
479
The Correspondence between the people of Madaura and Augustine time uncertain
493
493
679
HISTORY OF HERETICS BOOK THE FIRST General Observations concerning Heretics sen f AO 1 The meaning of the word Heresy
505
It is difficult to define what is Heresy or who is an Heretic
506
Of the causes of Heresies
508
Many mistakes in the writings of those who have published the History of Heresies accounted for
509
The number of Heresies hath been augmented without sufficient reason
510
Most Heresies of the two first centuries may be reduced to two kinds
511
Heretics have been often treated with great acrimony
512
Heretics have been greatly calumniated 513
513
The ancient Heretics believed the Unity of God 519
519
They made great use of the scriptures
521
Some of them also used apocryphal books
523
IS They respected the apostles and apostolic traditions
525
IS The ancient Heresiarchs were generally men of letters and are said to have borrowed most of their peculiar notions from some of the sects of philo...
526
This variety of opinion is no just objection against the truth of the Christian religion
527
Curiosity and Inquisitiveness of mind were dispositions frequently indulged by Heretics
529
Heretics were not in general solicitous about little matters and were moderate towards those who differed from them
530
Pernicious consequences supposed to arise from some of their doctrines were charged upon them though they did not admit them 531
531
BOOK THE SECOND THE HISTORY OF PARTICULAR HERETICS CHAPTER I
533
Of his time
534
The account of him as given by Irenaeus and other ancient authors
535
An examination of several of the opinions attributed to him 33fl
536
Concerning his notion of 365 heavens ib 5 He believed the world was made by angels the chief of whom presided over the Jews 537
537
His opinions concerning the person of Christ 558
540
1O He is said to have partaken of things offered to idols and to have denied the necessity or reason ableness of suffering martyrdom 541
541
He believed that the soulonly would be saved ib 12 He is falsely accused of believing that actions are indifferent in their own nature
542
From the arguments used against them by Clement it appears that they respected Christ and
574
The Marcosians are said to have regarded the letters of the alphabet as mysterious
580
B Of his opinions ____
588
Of the time in which he lived
676
tUT PAfilt 5 The history of him as given by Eiplmniu9
590
The story of his deceiving a young woman doubtful
591
Several observations tending to show its incredibility ib i Some reason to suspect it was the invention oF Epiphanius
593
Me began to propagate his errors in his own country For which he was expelled by his Father ib 8 His way of lire was very unsettled ib J He had a ...
594
H His notion oF the Creator and the world Formed by him and the God superior to him 59
596
The good God was the maker oF beings spiritual and invisible
597
Ji The Marcionites erroneous in dividing the Deity
598
J j They were believers in a Future judgment and in the necessity of human actions ib i They thought the soul but not the bodies oF the virtuous wo...
601
JO Tertullians arguments against this notion 002
602
Marcion believed there were to be two Christs
603
He allowed the truth of our Saviours miracles ib 23 And of his death 60t 24 And resurrection ib
604
And of the principal facts related concerning him
605
2f The manners of the Marcionites were virtuous and they had iminy martyrs 60t 7 They contemned marriage and highlv extolled virginity ib 28...
607
They had churches For stated public worship 008
609
1ie mutilated the New Testament wherever it contained quotations from the Old ib 34 He framed antitheses to shew the opposition of the law to the ...
610
Marcion received but eleven books of the New Testament and of the gospels only that of St Luke and this mutilated
611
He also rejected the history of the temptation
612
An account of many other alterations made by him in St Lukes gospel
613
T here is a sufficient number of texts remaining to confute his errors 6 16
616
Marcion rejected the Acts of the apostles
617
And received only ten epistles of St Paul and most of these altered
618
Ln the first epistle to the Corinthians
619
4o In the second epistle to th Corinthiaus 60
620
In the first epistle tothe Thessalonians _ _
621
In the epistle to the Ephesians called by him the epistle to the Laodiceans
622
He probably did not much alter the epistle to the Colossians
623
Of the time when he lived ___
627
Some observations on his notion about the souls of brutes and the resurrection of them
628
A belieF in another kind oF resurrection ascribed to him by Tertullian
629
t Some general account of his writings ib 7 Some observations on the assertion of Mr Jones that Leucis was a Manichec
630
STCT PAOB 8 Leucius was the author of the History of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary 031
631
The Protevangelion or Gospel of James was composed by Leucius
632
A current tradition that Joseph was a widower and had children by a former wife
633
Observations on some of the contents of these two Gospels
634
Leucius is thought to have interpolated the Gospel of the iafancy ib 15 He was the forger of the Gospel of Nicodemus
635
Two other Gospels ascribed to Leucius
636
Leucius was the author of the forged Acts or Journeying of the apostles
637
Some account of the contents of this book
638
These forgeries p rove the truth of the canonical scriptures
639
Of his connection with Philumene 64O 3 No foundation for the story of his incontinence
640
Unjustly accused of discouraging inquiry
641
Of his Writings _ _
642
He believed one first Principle who formed another inferior deity ib 8 He thought thatthe difference of sex depended on ihe soul
643
JO He denied the resurrection of the body
644
What scriptures he received
645
In other matters he generally agreed with Marcion G45 12 He did not pay any great regard to the Old Testament ib 13 His sentiments about the ...
646
CHAPTER XIII
647
Epiphaniuss account of the Sethians
648
They ascribed the creation of the world to angels
649
Thev believed that Jesus Christ descended from Seth in an extraordinary way ib 7 By Christ who descended upon Jesus they probably meant the Ho...
650
What scriptures they received 651
651
OF THE CAIANS OR CAINITES 3 1 Some account of the accusations brought against them from Epiphanius and Irenasus _ V
652
r PAOI
3
There never was a sect of Christians who called themselves Cainites or who professed the princi
654
He is accused of denying Christ in a time of persecution 6JO
663
OF THE MONTANIST6
669
ItCT 1AOD
242
Of their testimony to the scriptures
675
OF JULIUS CASSIANUS
681
Of the time when he flourished according to modern authors
687

Common terms and phrases

Popular passages

Page 8 - Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. This is he of whom I said, After me cometh a man which is preferred before me : for he was before me.
Page 232 - But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter, before them all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of the Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?
Page 201 - Nevertheless I tell you the truth: It is expedient for you that I go away; for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you.
Page 5 - These words spake his parents, because they feared the Jews: for the Jews had agreed already, that if any man did confess that he was Christ, he should be put out of the synagogue.
Page 220 - And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people : and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time : and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.
Page 294 - As for such as turn aside unto their crooked ways, the LORD shall lead them forth with the workers of iniquity: but peace shall be upon Israel.
Page 125 - But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak ; for it shall be given you in that same hour what ye shall speak. For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you.
Page 132 - Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead?
Page 225 - Then Daniel answered and said before the king, Let thy gifts be to thyself, and give thy rewards to another ; yet I will read the writing unto the king, and make known to him the interpretation.
Page 501 - And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength. This is the first commandment. And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these.

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