Defining Language: A Local Grammar of Definition Sentences
Definition is a basic activity of language, of particular importance to linguists because of its use of language to describe itself. Beyond this inherent significance as a crucial element of language study, definitions also provide a rich potential source of the information needed for Natural Language Processing systems. This book describes an investigation of the subset of general language used in definition sentences and the development of a taxonomy of definition types, a grammar of definition sentences and parsing software which can extract their functional components. The work is based on definition sentences used in one of the dictionaries from the Cobuild range, and the book includes a brief history of the development of monolingual English dictionaries, an assessment of the concepts of sublanguages and local grammars and a full exploration of the results of the analysis and of the present and future applications of the taxonomy, grammar and parser.
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Language definitions and dictionaries
Monolingual English dictionaries
Grammars parsers sublanguages and local grammars
The definition type taxonomy
The definition language grammar and its parser
adjective analysis applications basis bold type breathalyze CCELD CCSD Chapter chunks co-text Cobuild definition Cobuild dictionaries Cobuild range complex consider the definition construction contained Corpus Linguistics dealt defined definiendum definiens defining vocabulary definition grammar definition language definition sentences definition structure definition text definition types described in section detail in section dictio dictionary definitions dictionary entries discriminator drink English language example explained extracted given grammar and parser hand side headword hinge identified language grammar LDOCE learners lexical lexical relations lexicographic equation linguistic matching elements meaning metalanguage monolingual English dictionaries nary natural language processing normal noun OALDCE parsing software parsing strategy phrase possible problems produced realised refer restrictions semantic sentence grammar shown similar Sinclair someone specific stage structural patterns structural taxonomy sublanguage superordinate syntactic tion type A4 uncount noun usage note verb vocabulary whole language
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