The literary and scientific class book: embracing the leading facts and principles of science, illustrated with engravings, with many difficult words explained at the heads of the lessons, and questions annexed for examination : designed as exercises for the reading and study of the higher classes in common schools : selected from the Rev. John Platts' Literary and scientific class book, and from various other sources and adapted to the wants and condition of youth in the United States (Google eBook)

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J. and J.W. Prentiss, 1833 - Civilization - 318 pages
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Contents

Taste Improvement and Pleasures of
18
Poetryits Object
20
Advantages of Studying History
21
Philosophyits leading Offices
23
The Praise of Philosophy
25
General Properties of Bodies
27
Attraction of Gravitation Sir Isaac Newtons Dis coveries
30
Centre of Gravity Pyramids of Egypt Tower ofPisa
33
The Laws of Motion Velocity Momenta Action and Reaction
36
Compound Motion The Pendulum
37
Mechanical Powers The Lever
40
The Pulley Wheel and Axle and Inclined Plane
42
The Wedge and Screw Friction
44
The Laws of Fluids Pressure of Fluids
47
Specific Gravity of Bodies Archimedes
50
Hydraulics Syphon Common Pump Forcing Pump
52
The Diving Bell and Steam Engine
54
Nature and Properties of Air The Air Pump
56
The Barometer Usss of
59
Bound Velocity of Sound Echo
61
Nature of Musical Sounds Musical Barometer
64
CONTENTS
50
Lesson Pag 32 Different Kinds of Lenses Burning Glass
69
Mirrors Convex Reflectors
72
Colours The Prism
73
The Rainbow Halo and Parhelia
75
Structure of the Eye Angle of Vision
78
Optical Instruments Spectacles Microscopes
81
Microscopic Discoveries
83
The Telescope and Telegraph
86
Astronomy Progress of this Science
88
The Solar System Galileo
91
The Sun a magnificent habitable globe
93
Mercury and Venus
95
The Earth Ecliptic and Zodiac Celestial Lati tude and Longitude
98
Day and Night causes of
100
Changes of the Seasons
102
The Moon Harvest Moon
104
The Tides explanation of
107
Eclipses of the Moon and Sun
108
Mars Vesta Juno Pallas and Ceres
111
Jupiterhis Belts Satellites c
113
Saturn and Uranus Saturns Ring
114
Comets Pope Callixtus
117
The Constellations Hymn to the North Star
119
Forms and Divisions of Time Equation of Time
122
The Planetary System
125
Chemistry Importance and Use of
127
General Principles of Chemistry Chemical Af finity
128
Caloric Thermometer
130
Atmospheric Air Composition of Oxygen Nitro gen
133
Water Composition of Hydrogen Gas
135
The Earths and Alkalies Uses of Lime
137
Acids and Salts Mountains of Salt
140
Simple Combustibles Carbon Metals J4? 66 Oxyds and Combustion Exhilarating Gas T i4J 67 Electricity Electrical Machine Experiments
148
Leyden Phial Dr Franklins Discovery Thun der and Lightning
153
CONTENTS
50
Classification of Minerals The Diamond
174
Goldits remarkable ductility
176
Silver and Mercury Plating with Silver Quick silver Mine
178
V80 Copper and Lead Brass White Lead
180
Iron and Tin Importance of Iron Use of Tin Pewter
182
Zinc Manganese and Antimony their Uses
183
Study of Geologyits objects and uses
185
Geology Stratification Sacred History confirmed
186
Relative Situation of Rocks Decomposition of Rocks
189
Biographical Sketch of Linnreus
191
Study of Botany a Source of Mental Improve ment
194
Texture of Vegetables Bark Wood Pith Age of Trees
197
Sap and Secretions Flowing of the Sap Sugar
198
Process of Vegetation
200
Roots Stems Buds and Leaves Effect of Light upon Plants
204
Flower and Fruit
205
Classification of Vegetables its Importance and Use
207
Flowers Insects in Flowers
210
Animal Kingdom Study of Zoology advanta geous to the Young
212
First Class of Animals Mammalia Orders of
213
Birdstheir Division into Orders Moulting
217
Reptiles and Fishes Electrical Fishes
219
Structure and Transformation of Insects
221
Orders of Insects The Gossamer
226
CONTENTS Lesson
47
Crustaceous and Molluscous Animals Shells
101
Vermes and Zoophytes Leech Polypes
230
Existence of the Deity
232
Political Economy Progress of Civilization 333
235
Division of Labour
237
Agriculturethe Strength of Nations
239
Commerce and Manufactures
240
Moneyits abundance not the cause but the con sequence of Wealth
242
Shipbuilding and Navigation
244
Architecture Advantages ofOrders of
246
Constitution of the United States Sketch of
248
Excellence of our Republican Government
251
Intelligence of the People a Means of Safety
252
the Government
254
an Extract from Bryants Poem of the Ages
257
Structure of the Human Body
258
Structure of the Human Body continued
260
The Human Voice wonderful Mechanism of
262
Structure of the Ear
264
Music Pleasures ofEar for
265
Sculpture Statuary Casting in Plaster of Paris
270
The Love of Nature
271
The Importance of Natural Philosophy
272
Mythology
274
Account of the Principal Heathen Gods
275
Account of the Principal Heathen Goddesses
278
Harmony of Science and Christianity
280
The Influence of an Early Taste for Reading
281
The Mechanical Wonders of a Feather
282
Art of Making Pins 284
284
Clouds and Rain
285
Invention and Progress of Printing
287

Popular passages

Page 272 - TO him who in the love of nature holds Communion with her visible forms, she speaks A various language; for his gayer hours She has a voice of gladness, and a smile And eloquence of beauty, and she glides Into his darker musings, with a mild And healing sympathy, that steals away Their sharpness, ere he is aware.
Page ii - District Clerk's Office. BE IT REMEMBERED, That on the seventh day of May, AD 1828, in the fifty-second year of the Independence of the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, SG Goodrich, of the said District, has deposited in this office the title of a book, the right whereof he claims as proprietor, in the words following, to wit...
Page 274 - THESE, as they change, ALMIGHTY FATHER, these Are but the varied God. The rolling year Is full of THEE. Forth in the pleasing Spring THY beauty walks, THY tenderness and love. Wide flush the fields ; the softening air is balm ; Echo the mountains round ; the forest smiles ; And every sense, and every heart is joy. Then comes THY glory in the Summer months, With light and heat refulgent. Then THY sun...
Page 251 - In forest, brake or den, As beasts excel cold rocks and brambles rude ; Men who their duties know, But know their rights, and, knowing, dare maintain, Prevent the long-aimed blow, And crush the tyrant while they rend the chain ; These constitute a State; And sovereign law, that State's collected will, O'er thrones and globes elate Sits empress, crowning good, repressing ill.
Page 251 - What Constitutes a State? WHAT constitutes a State? Not high-raised battlement or labored mound, Thick wall or moated gate Not cities proud with spires and turrets crowned Not bays and broad-armed ports, Where, laughing at the storm, rich navies ride Not starred and spangled courts, Where low-browed baseness wafts perfume to pride. No; men, high-minded men...
Page 75 - TRIUMPHAL arch, that fill'st the sky When storms prepare to part, I ask not proud Philosophy To teach me what thou art Still seem as to my childhood's sight, A midway station given For happy spirits to alight Betwixt the earth and heaven.
Page 122 - ... gaze, And steers, undoubting, to the friendly coast ; And they who stray in perilous wastes, by night, Are glad when thou dost shine to guide their footsteps right. And, therefore, bards of old, Sages, and hermits of the solemn wood, Did in thy beams behold A beauteous type of that unchanging good, That bright eternal beacon, by whose ray The voyager of time should shape his heedful way.
Page 20 - The world is full of poetry the air Is living with its spirit ; and the waves Dance to the music of its melodies, And sparkle in its brightness. Earth is veiled, And mantled with its beauty; and the walls That close the universe with crystal in, Are eloquent with voices, that proclaim The unseen glories of immensity, In harmonies, too perfect, and too high, For aught but beings of celestial mould, And speak to man in one eternal hymn, Unfading beauty, and unyielding power.
Page 93 - As home he goes beneath the joyous moon. Ye that keep watch in heaven, as earth asleep Unconscious lies, effuse your mildest beams, Ye constellations, while your angels strike, Amid the spangled sky, the silver lyre. Great source of day ! best image here below Of thy Creator, ever pouring wide, From world to world, the vital ocean round, On nature write with every beam His praise.
Page 121 - Her constellations come, and climb the heavens, and go. Day, too, hath many a star To grace his gorgeous reign, as bright as they: Through the blue fields afar, Unseen, they follow in his flaming way : Many a bright lingerer, as the eve grows dim, Tells what a radiant troop arose and set with him. And thou dost see them rise, Star of the Pole ! and thou dost see them set. Alone, in thy cold skies, Thou keep 'st thy old unmoving station yet, Nor join'st the dances of that glittering train, Nor dipp'st...

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