Verb Meaning and the Lexicon: A First Phase Syntax (Google eBook)
The relationship between the meaning of words and the structure of sentences is an important area of research in linguistics. Studying the connections between lexical conceptual meaning and event structural relations, this book arrives at a modular classification of verb types within English and across languages. Ramchand argues that lexical encyclopedic content and event structural aspects of meaning need to be systematically distinguished, and that thematic and aspectual relations belong to the latter domain of meaning. The book proposes a syntactic decompositional view of core verbal meaning, and sets out to account for the variability and systematicity of argument structure realisation across verb types. It also proposes an interesting view of lexical insertion.
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abstract aktionsart alternation analysis Anjum Anjum-erg anjum-ne argued argument-structure aspectual assume category features causation causativization causee chapter classiﬁcation complement position completive complex complex predicate conﬂation construction dance decomposition deﬁned deﬁnition denotation direct object double object DP object dynamic encyclopedic content English event structure fact ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬁrst-phase syntax ﬂexibility give rise Hale and Keyser Hindi/Urdu homomorphic hyponymous identiﬁed init head initiator initP internal argument interpretation intransitive Karena Katherine language lexical entry lexical item lexical-encyclopedic content lexicon light verb linguistic Marantz Mary Michael modiﬁed morpheme morphology motion verbs part–whole structure particle passive path PathP phase PlaceP possible preﬁxes preposition proc head procP projection properties proposed Rappaport Hovav relation res head resP result rhemes root Saddaf semantic speciﬁer speciﬁer position stative stative verbs subevent sufﬁx Svenonius syntactic telic temporal thematic role transitive transitive verbs unaccusative unaccusative verbs underassociated undergoer unergative vaa causative verb types verbal
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