Irish song-craft and metrical practice since 1600
This work is a systematic analysis and classification of Irish accentual verse-metres. It will interest linguists and students of metre, as well as ethnomusicologists studying the context of Irish traditional song, and musicologists studying the historical development of European songforms. An assessment of previous contributions to the study of Irish verse-practice is followed by a general survey of metrical scholarship, which in turn lays the groundwork for a metrical theory of Irish accentual verse. Space is devoted to a phenomenologically-based discussion of the role of rhythm in spoken Irish and its implications for verse-structure. The heart of the work consists of a taxonomical survey of Irish accentual verse-types, in which the principal criterion for inclusion in a given category is the number of stressed syllables in a line. Following chapters deal with stanzaic and supra-stanzaic structure and verse-ornament, the musical context of verse, the ways in which musical metre differs from verse metre, and the implications of such differences for a system of versification primarily transmitted through a musical medium.
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The Rhythm of Irish Verse
Two and ThreeStress Lines
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3A+B AABA Abhar accentual metres accentual pattern accentual verse agus amhrdn aicill rhyme alliteration amhrdn anacrusis appear assonance assonating vowels attested ballad metre basic Brighid cadence cadential foot caesura ceangal composed Connacht couplet crosdntacht diphthong disyllabic Donnchadha Dublin duple rhythm eight-stress end-rhyme English Eoghan examples fact feet final five-stress formula four four-stress gach Irish poetry Irish verse length line contains line-types linear liom metre metrical metrist Mhac Mhic monosyllabic Munster normally number of syllables occur ochtfhoclach ornamental features ornamental pattern Padraig penultimate foot phrase-boundary poem poetry poets popular primary stress quadrisyllabic quatrain r6cdn rannaiocht reduplicative refrain rhythmical rosc sample Scottish Gaelic Sean secondary stress seven-stress silent stress six-stress song SOURCE LINE STANZA stanza stanzaic structure stress-timed language stressed syllables sung syllabic metre syllabic verse thios TITLE SOURCE LINE trisyllabic Tuama tune unstressed versification words