Criminal Investigative Failures (Google eBook)

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CRC Press, Dec 15, 2008 - Law - 400 pages
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Avoid Major Investigative Traps

What causes competent and dedicated investigators to make avoidable mistakes, jeopardizing the successful resolution of their cases? Authored by a 21-year police veteran and university research professor, Criminal Investigative Failures comprehensively defines and discusses the causes and problems most common to failed investigations. More importantly, it outlines realistic strategies for avoiding investigative pitfalls.

Illuminated with case studies, this practical resource examines three main reasons for investigative failure:

  • Cognitive biases, such as tunnel vision, that lead to mistakes in reasoning
  • Organizational traps, such as groupthink, that investigators fall prey to within their agencies
  • Probability errors, such as the prosecutor’s fallacy, in forensic science and criminal profiling

The Dangers of Assumptions and Organizational Ego

Authoritative contributors from a variety of disciplines elaborate on the aforementioned core points with commentary and case studies of well-known crimes. Written in a quick-to-grasp style, this useful text provides practical advice for avoiding investigative failures. It is an invaluable reference for investigators looking to prevent future failures of justice and find the truth.

  

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Contents

Perception Intuition and Tunnel Vision
9
Groupthink Rumor and Ego
23
Chance and Randomness in Forensics and Profiling
35
Cognitive Biases
53
Bridging Theory and the Real World
55
Has Tunnel Vision Been Wrongfully Convicted?
71
Judgment Heuristics and Biases in Criminal Investigation
99
Case Studies
141
Chapter 11 What Happened to Theresa Allore?
219
Roger Coleman and Benjamin LaGuer
253
Recommendations
267
Chapter 13 How Police Departments Can Reduce the Risk of Wrongful Convictions
269
Chapter 14 Reducing Investigative Failures through Effective Major Case Leadership
295
Chapter 15 Necropsies and the Cold Case
327
Chapter 16 Recommendations and Conclusion
349
Bibliography
357

Chapter 8 Who Killed Stephanie Crowe?
143
Understanding a Wrongful Conviction for Sexual Homicide
179
Chapter 10 A False Confession to Murder in Washington DC
205
Index
361
Back cover
377
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