An Introduction to the Study of Language (Google eBook)

Front Cover
H. Holt, 1914 - Grammar, Comparative and general - 355 pages
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Contents

I
1
II
18
III
56
IV
73
V
120
VI
167
VII
195
VIII
259
IX
292
X
307

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Page v - It can hardly admit of question that at least so much knowledge of the nature, history, and classifications of language as is here presented ought to be included in every scheme of higher education, even for those who do not intend to become special students in comparative philology.
Page v - ... analysis are in some ways better than his, if we see more clearly than he did himself certain aspects of the structure that he first revealed to us, it is because we stand upon his shoulders. His own opinion of his book was characteristically modest. He thought of it as an elementary work, ' intended for the general reader and for the student who is entering upon linguistic work.
Page 247 - Be taught, O faithful Consort, to control Rebellious passion ; for the Gods approve The depth, and not the tumult, of the soul ; A fervent, not ungovernable, love.
Page 17 - Language has been developed in the interchange of messages, and every individual who has learned to Use language has learned it through such interchange The individual's language, consequently, is not his creation, but consists of habits adopted in his expressive intercourse with other members of the community.
Page vi - It will be apparent, especially, that I depend for my psychology, general and linguistic, entirely on Wundt; I can only hope that I have not misrepresented his doctrine. The day is past when students of mental sciences could draw on their own fancy or on 'popular psychology' for their view of mental occurrence.
Page 61 - ... another focused by it. The attention of an individual, that is, apperception, is a unified process: we can attend to but one thing at a time. Consequently the analysis of a total experience always proceeds by single binary divisions into a part for the time being focused and a remainder. In the primary division of an experience into two parts, the one focused is called the subject and the one left for later attention the predicate; the relation between them is called predication. If,...
Page 17 - The result of this is the individual's inability to use language except in the form in which the community as a whole uses it: he must speak as the others do, or he will not be understood. As a matter of fact, he does not, in normal cases, try to speak otherwise, but unquestioningly follows his and his fellow-speakers
Page 204 - Psychology 24 (1913) 450, 451, 452. e) "... the description of 'phonetic laws' as 'natural laws' cannot be correct: a sound change is not a law of nature, but a historic occurrence. Those who, otherwise than metaphorically have subscribed to the above definition have been misled by a certain salient feature of phonetic change, - its unsemantic character. . . . "Linguistically untrained observers will often claim that a possible sound-change did not take place because, if it had, it would have obliterated...
Page 293 - ... reply to clients with ease in four or five different languages. Is their thought the richer thereby ? Moreover, the results assumed by those who defend this language training are 99% imaginary. Here is the considered opinion of one of the greatest living authorities on twentieth century results : " Of the students who take up the study of foreign languages in our schools and colleges, not one in a hundred attains even a fair reading knowledge, and not one in a thousand ever learns to carry...
Page 60 - It consists of a transition of the attention from the total experience, which throughout remains in consciousness, to the successive elements, which are one after another focused by it.

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