Sweden and National Liberation in Southern Africa: Solidarity and assistance, 1970-1994

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Nordic Africa Institute, 2002 - History - 912 pages
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Sweden's and the other Nordic countries' support for the national liberation process and struggle against apartheid was unique in the international context both in regard to the size of the financial support and the extensive popular involvement. This book attempts to document the involvement of Sweden in the Southern African struggles against colonialism, occupation and white minority rule. While Volume I set out to identify the actors and factors behind the involvement, the aim of the present volume is to illustrate the Swedish participation. The focus of this study is on official assistance to the national liberation movements but the important role played by the organized Swedish solidarity movement and other non-governmental organizations also forms part of the narration. The study also attempts to contribute to a broader understanding of the international aspects of the Thirty Years' War in the region, a significant chapter in the quest for national self-determination, democracy and human rights towards the end of the troubled 20th century. Primarily written for the general reader interested in relations between Sweden and the Southern African liberation movements, the presentation should also provide material and theoretical enquiries with regard to, for example, Swedish foreign policy in the cold war era; regional developments in a bipolar world; and the diplomatic initiatives, political alliances and material conditions of the different movements. This book is a part of the Nordic Africa Institute's Research Project National Liberation in Southern Africa. The Role of the Nordic Countries. The result of the project is a unique documentation, mainly drawing on hitherto restricted official primary sources. This book, together with the other studies published within the project, forms a valuable reference source for everyone interested in the 20th century history of Southern Africa in particular or North/South and international relations in general.
  

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Contents

Acronyms
11
Chronological overview 19501994
19
Breaking the Ground
41
Tables and Graphs
72
Clearing a Way
73
A Rockier Road
107
On Separate Trails
153
ZANU and ZAPU towards lndependence
186
Pan Africanist Congress
494
Gatsha Buthelezi and lnkatha
517
Black Consciousness lUEF and Operation Daisy
544
From Beds in Exile to Organizers at Home
580
Swaziland
620
Lesotho Botswana Zimbabwe and a Note on Security
660
Projects in Exile Mineworkers
698
From Frontline Rock
756

Tentative Steps towards Firm Relations
233
Transport Home Front Churches and Trade Unions
262
Humanitarian Assistance
308
Cold War Total Strategy and Expanded Assistance
338
With SWAPO to Victory
367
No Easy Walk
394
Companies Churches and Labour
422
SACTU Unions and Sanctions
447
Banning of Trade and Planning for PostApartheid
781
Free at Last
811
Epilogue
864
Bibliography
871
Appendices
889
Name lndex
904
Copyright

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