Linguistic Authority, Language Ideology, and Metaphor: The Czech Orthography Wars
How does a country find itself 'at war' over spelling? This book focuses on a crucial juncture in the post-communist history of the Czech Republic, when an orthographic commission with a moderate reformist agenda found itself the focus of enormous public controversy. Delving back into history, Bermel explores the Czech nation's long tradition of intervention and its association with the purity of the language, and how in the twentieth century an ascendant linguistic school - Prague Functionalism - developed into a progressive but centralizing ideology whose power base was inextricably linked to the communist regime. Bermel looks closely at the reforms of the 1990s and the heated public reaction to them. On the part of language regulators, he examines the ideology that underlay the reforms and the tactics employed on all sides to gain linguistic authority, while in dissecting the public reaction, he looks both at conscious arguments marshaled in favor of and against reform and at the use, conscious and subconscious, of metaphors about language. Of interest to faculty and students working in the area of language, cultural studies, and history, especially that of transitional and post-communist states, this volume is also relevant for those with a more general interest in language planning and language reform.
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Standard Czech in its social and linguistic setting
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Addendum authority Azeri Baroque Bohemia borrowed words century Cesky denik changes chapter codified communication communist conceptual metaphor consonant consultation context Czech lands Czech Language Institute Czech Orthography Czech Republic Czech spelling Czechoslovak DaneS debate dialects dictionary discussion early example fact favour foreign words functionalism functionalists German grammar grapheme guage Havranek Hlavsa ideology interview issues jazyk language planning language regulation Latin letters Lidove noviny Literdrni noviny Martincova matter metaphor Michal Ajvaz Ministry Mladd fronta dnes Moravian morphology Nase fec newspapers norm opinion orthographic commission orthographic reform Petr Petr Sgall phoneme political Prague School Pravidla pravopisu principles pronunciation proposed published purists revision Rules of Czech Russian school edition script Sgall Slovak slovo social spelling reform spoken standard Czech standard language teachers Telegraf texts tion traditional usage users variety verbs vowel length writing written ZN noviny