Einstein's German World

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Princeton University Press, 2001 - Biography & Autobiography - 352 pages
3 Reviews

The French political philosopher Raymond Aron once observed that the twentieth century "could have been Germany's century." In 1900, the country was Europe's preeminent power, its material strength and strident militaristic ethos apparently balanced by a vital culture and extraordinary scientific achievement. It was poised to achieve greatness. In Einstein's German World, the eminent historian Fritz Stern explores the ambiguous promise of Germany before Hitler, as well as its horrifying decline into moral nihilism under Nazi rule, and aspects of its remarkable recovery since World War II. He does so by gracefully blending history and biography in a sequence of finely drawn studies of Germany's great scientists and of German-Jewish relations before and during Hitler's regime.

Stern's central chapter traces the complex friendship of Albert Einstein and the Nobel Prize-winning chemist Fritz Haber, contrasting their responses to German life and to their Jewish heritage. Haber, a convert to Christianity and a firm German patriot until the rise of the Nazis; Einstein, a committed internationalist and pacifist, and a proud though secular Jew. Other chapters, also based on new archival sources, consider the turbulent and interrelated careers of the physicist Max Planck, an austere and powerful figure who helped to make Berlin a happy, productive place for Einstein and other legendary scientists; of Paul Ehrlich, the founder of chemotherapy; of Walther Rathenau, the German-Jewish industrialist and statesman tragically assassinated in 1922; and of Chaim Weizmann, chemist, Zionist, and first president of Israel, whose close relations with his German colleagues is here for the first time recounted. Stern examines the still controversial way that historians have dealt with World War I and Germans have dealt with their nation's defeat, and he analyzes the conflicts over the interpretations of Germany's past that persist to this day. He also writes movingly about the psychic cost of Germany's reunification in 1990, the reconciliation between Germany and Poland, and the challenges and prospects facing Germany today.

At once historical and personal, provocative and accessible, Einstein's German World illuminates the issues that made Germany's and Europe's past and present so important in a tumultuous century of creativity and violence.

  

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Einstein's German world

User Review  - Not Available - Book Verdict

Columbia historian Stern (Gold and Iron: Bismarck, Bleichr der and the Building of the German Empire) presents a collection of compelling essays written over the last decade. The loose theme of the ... Read full review

Review: Einstein's German World

User Review  - Lucia Fischer - Goodreads

A tad slow to start but some interesting history discussions towards the end. Read full review

Contents

INTRODUCTION
3
Paul Ehrlich The Founder of Chemotherapy
13
Max Planck and the Trials of His Times
35
Together and Apart Fritz Haber and Albert Einstein
59
Walther Rathenau and the Vision of Modernity
165
Historians and the Great War Private Experience and Public Explication
199
Chaim Weizmann and Liberal Nationalism
223
Freedom and Its Discontents The Travails of the New Germany
253
The Past Distorted The Goldhagen Controversy
272
Lost Homelands GermanPolish Reconciliation
289
NOTES
303
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
325
INDEX
329
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