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1st Session 30th Congress acres Albany American Asa Whitney Baltimore boat Boston buffalo California camp Canal canoe captain cattle Caucasian Cherokees City civilization Columbia River construction contained cross distance Donner Donner party early East emigrants Erie expedition Federal feet gold Guide History horses hundred Illinois inches Indians Iowa journey July Lake Michigan land Large folding map Louis ment Michigan migrations Mileage Mississippi Mississippi River Missouri River Mormons mules nation native Nauvoo Navigation night o'clock Ohio Oregon country overland oxen Pacific coast Pacific Ocean pack party passengers Philadelphia pioneer political prairie printed Rail Railroad railway reached region result road Rocky Mountains route Salt Lake Santa Fe trail Senate settlement snow South Pass Steam steamboat tains territory thousand tion to-day town trail train transcontinental treaty tribes trip United valley wagons Washington West western westward Whitney York
Page 1207 - ... travel of the wagons. Today, the ground being favorable, little time has been lost in preparing the road, so that he and his pioneers are at the nooning place an hour in advance of the wagons, which time is spent in preparing convenient watering places for the animals and digging little wells near the bank of the Platte. As the teams are not unyoked, but simply turned loose from the wagons, a corral is not formed at noon, but the wagons are drawn up in columns, four abreast, the leading wagon...
Page 1206 - ... corral to be yoked. The corral is a circle one hundred yards deep, formed with wagons connected strongly with each other ; the wagon in the rear being connected with the wagon in front by its tongue and ox chains. It is a strong barrier that the most vicious ox cannot break, and in case of an attack of the Sioux would be no contemptible intrenchment.
Page 1220 - We, the people of Oregon Territory, for purposes of mutual protection, and to secure peace and prosperity among ourselves, agree to adopt the following laws and regulations until such time as the United States of America extend their jurisdiction over us.
Page 1260 - In some of these, the fever prevailed to such an extent that hardly any escaped it. They let their cows go unmilked ; they wanted for voices to raise the psalm of Sundays ; the few who were able to keep their feet, went about among the tents and wagons with food and water, like nurses through the wards of an infirmary. Here, at one time, the digging got behind hand ; burials were slow ; and you might see women sit in the open tents keeping the flies off their dead children, some time after decomposition...
Page 1206 - All know when, at seven o'clock, the signal to march sounds, that those not ready to take their proper places in the line of march must fall into the dusty rear for the day.
Page 1319 - Albany; and probably the time may not be far distant when trips will be made across the continent as they have been made to the Niagara Falls, to see Nature's wonders.
Page 1299 - An armed escort travels through the Indian country with each mail train, for the protection of the mails and passengers. "Passengers are provided with provisions during the trip except where the Coach stops at Public Houses along the Line, at which each Passenger will pay for his own meal.
Page 1206 - It is within ten minutes of seven; the corral, but now a strong barricade, is everywhere broken, the teams being attached to the wagons. The women and children have taken their places in them. The pilot (a borderer who has passed his life on the verge of civilization and has been chosen to the post of leader from his knowledge of the savage and his experience in travel through roadless wastes) stands ready in the midst of his pioneers and aids to mount and lead the way.
Page 1253 - I heard the flies buzz and the water-ripples break against the shallow of the beach. I walked through the solitary streets. The town lay as in a dream, under some deadening spell of loneliness, from which I almost feared to wake it. For plainly it had not slept long. There was no grass growing up in the paved ways. Rains had not entirely washed away the prints of dusty footsteps. Yet I went about unchecked. I went into empty workshops, ropewalks and smithies. The spinner's wheel was idle ; the carpenter...
Page 1254 - This was the place of exercise for slowly recovering invalids, the day-home of the infants, and the evening promenade of all. " From the first formation of the camp, all its inhabitants were constantly and laboriously occupied. Many of them were highly educated mechanics, and seemed only to need a day's anticipated rest to engage them at the forge, loom, or turning lathe, upon some needed chore of work.