A World History of Architecture

Front Cover
Laurence King Publishing, 2003 - Architecture - 592 pages
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The Roman architect and engineer Vitruvius declared firmitas, utilitas, and venustas-firmness, commodity, and delight- to be the three essential attributes of architecture. These qualities are brilliantly explored in this book, which uniquely comprises both a detailed survey of Western architecture, including Pre-Columbian America, and an introduction to architecture from the Middle East, India, Russia, China, and Japan. The text encourages readers to examine closely the pragmatic, innovative, and aesthetic attributes of buildings, and to imagine how these would have been praised or criticized by contemporary observers. Artistic, economic, environmental, political, social, and technological contexts are discussed so as to determine the extent to which buildings met the needs of clients, society at large, and future generations.
  

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Contents

PREFACE
INTRODUCTION I
NINETEENTHCENTURY
CHAPTERI
Ancient Egypt 22
CHAPTER 2
The Archaic Period 47
The Hellenistic Period 57
Donato Bramante 314
Michelangelo 323
Andrea Palladio 330
Palladios Venice 336
The Renaissance in England 346
Pope Sixtus V and the Replanning of Rome 355
Francesco Borromini 362
The Spread of Baroque Architecture to Northern Italy

Religions of India 69
The Spread of Buddhist Influence 75
CHAPTER 4
Principles of City Planning 93
Japanese Temple Architecture 99
CHAPTERS
Public Buildings 126
CHAPTER 6
Byzantine Basilicas and Domed Basilicas 148
Byzantine Churches in Russia 155
CHAPTER 7
Houses Palaces and Urban Patterns 184
CHAPTER 8
AngloSaxon and Viking Architecture 198
Romanesque Architecture of the Holy Roman Empire
The Order of Cluny 213
Cistercian Monasteries 221
Early Gothic 230
High Gothic 236
English Gothic 245
German and Italian Gothic 255
Medieval Construction 262
CHAPTER
Mexico Central America and South America 283
RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTURE 295
Michelozzo Bartolomeo and the Palazzo Medici 302
Other Renaissance City Plans 308
The Baroque in France 381
Christopher Wren and the Baroque in England 388
NeoClassicism 420
CHAPTER
EtienneLouis Boullée and ClaudeNicolas Ledoux 405
Romanticism and the Picturesque 415
The Gothic Revival 429
Progress in Iron Fabrication 437
Skeletal Construction in Concrete and Wood 448
The Viennese Secession 460
CHAPTER
THE TWENTIETH CENTURY
Peter Behrens and the Deutscher Werkbund 487
Art Deco 495
Exploiting the Potential of Concrete 503
Walter Gropius 511
The Weissenhof Siedlung and the International Style
Later Work of Le Corbusier 528
CHAPTER 16
Robert Venturis Radical CounterProposal to Modernism
Robert A M Stern 549
Peter Eisenman 557
Glenn Murcutt 563
BIBLIOGRAPHY 572
Residences 132
Copyright

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