The Five Civilized Tribes: Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Seminole

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University of Oklahoma Press, 1989 - Social Science - 455 pages
4 Reviews

Side by side with the westward drift of white Americans in the 1830's was the forced migration of the Five Civilized Tribes from Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida. Both groups were deployed against the tribes of the prairies, both breaking the soil of the undeveloped hinterland. Both were striving in the years before the Civil War to found schools, churches, and towns, as well as to preserve orderly development through government and laws.

In this book Grant Foreman brings to light the singular effect the westward movement of Indians had in the cultivation and settlement of the Trans-Mississippi region. It shows the Indian genius at its best and conveys the importance of the Cherokees, Chickasaws, Choctaws, Creeks, and Seminoles to the nascent culture of the plains. Their achievements between 1830 and 1860 were of vast importance in the making of America.

  

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This elemental work, first published in 1932, had been for years the authoritative account of the Trail of Tears. But 1932 was a high-point of Progressivism in American history; right on the eve of ... Read full review

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Excellent book, still, all these many years later. Essential reading. Read full review

Contents

BOOK ONE Choctaw I Problems of a New Home
35
Signs of Improvement
51
Institutions Take Form
60
Threat of Civil Disorder
77
BOOK Two Chickasaw VI Chickasaw Description
97
VII Difficulties With Wild Indians
109
Union With Choctaw Dissolved
121
Relations With the Military
133
Intrigues of Wild Cat
255
Justice to the Indians
267
BOOK FIVE Cherokee
279
Readjustment
281
The Act of Union
296
John Howard Paynes Description
311
Civil Disorders 2I
346
The Treaty of 1846
350

BOOK THREE Creek
145
Victims of Contractors
147
Efforts to Unite the Tribe
163
Hostility to the Missionaries
173
Progress Notes
182
Accounts by Observers
194
Laws and Customs
205
BOOK FOUR Seminole
221
Contemporary Descriptions
223
Oppose Union With Creeks
236
Emigration Resumed
247
Advancement
352
Cherokee People at Home
362
Sequoyah and His Alphabet
371
The Cold Water Army
385
Gossip From the Cherokee Advocate
392
Approaching the Civil War
407
Reconstruction Achieved
421
Bibliography
428
Index
433
Copyright

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About the author (1989)

Grant Foreman (1869-1953), known as the dean of American Indian historians, was the author of Indian Removal, The Five Civilized Tribes , and Sequoyah and editor of Ethan Allen Hitchcock?s Traveler in Indian Territo ry, all published by the University of Oklahoma Press.

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