Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction

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Prentice Hall PTR, 1997 - Law - 428 pages
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Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction provides concise but thorough coverage of all major components of the American criminal justice system in an especially easy to read format. Chapters on police, courts, corrections, and additional materials on victim's rights form the crux of this exciting second edition. Critical contemporary issues such as "three-strikes" and "get-tough" policies are also addressed, making Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction both comprehensive and up-to-date. Special features which hold and attract student attention include: 1) a strong visual orientation, built around the liberal use of eye-catching photos, charts and graphs; 2) an informative series of contemporary criminal justice careers boxes, describing the many employment opportunities in the field; 3) a thematic focus which asks students to critically examine the tension between the rights of individuals, and the interests of society in protection from crime; and 4) detailed coverage of important issues facing women and minorities as they work within or encounter the justice system. This second edition adds new and expanded materials on community policing, the Oklahoma City bombing, "three-strikes" legislation, "truth in sentencing", innovative defenses such as "black rage" and "urban survival syndrome", the O.J. Simpson trial, Megan's law (the legally mandated registration of sex offenders), the impact of drug-related incarceration on prison overcrowding, and victims rights, victimology, and the emerging concept of "restorative justice".

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Contents

PREFACE xv
PARS E IN AMERICA
THE SYSTEM 16
Copyright

46 other sections not shown

Common terms and phrases

About the author (1997)

FRANK SCHMALLEGER, Ph.D. is Director of the Justice Research Association, a private consulting firm and think tank focusing on issues of crime and justice. The Justice Research Association, which is based in Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, serves the needs of the nation's civil and criminal justice planners and administrators through workshops, conferences, and grant-writing and program-evaluation support. It can be reached on the Web at http: /cjcentral.com/jra. Dr. Schmalleger is also founder and codirector of the Criminal Justice Distance Learning Consortium (http: /cjcentral.com.cjdlc).

Dr. Schmalleger holds degrees from the University of Notre Dame and Ohio State University, having earned both a master's degree (1970) and a doctorate in sociology (1974) from Ohio State University with a special emphasis in criminology. From 1976 to 1994, he taught criminal justice courses at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke. For the last 16 of those years he chaired the university's Department of Sociology, Social Work, and Criminal Justice. As an adjunct professor at Webster University in St. Louis, Missouri, Schmalleger helped develop the university's graduate program in Security Administration and Loss Prevention. He taught courses in that curriculum for more than a decade. Schmalleger has also taught in the New School for Social Research's online graduate program, helping build the world's first electronic classrooms in support of distance learning through computer telecommunications. An avid Web developer, Schmalleger is also the creator of a number of award-winning World Wide Web sites, including some which support this textbook (http: //www.prenhall.com/schmalleger;http: //cjtoday.com; and http: //talkjustic.com/cybrary.asp).

Frank Schmalleger is the author of numerous articles and many books, including the widely used "Criminology Today" (Prentice Hall, 1999); "Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction" (Prentice Hall, 2001); "Criminal Law Today" (Prentice Hall, 1999), "Crime and the Justice System in America: An Encyclopedia" (Greenwood Publishing Group, 1997), "Trial of the Century: People of the State of California vs. Orenthal James Simpson" (Prentice Hall, 1996); "Computers in Criminal Justice" (Wyndham Hall Press, 1991); "Career Paths: A Guide to Jobs in Federal Law Enforcement" (Regents/Prentice Hall, 1994); "Criminal Justice Ethics" (Greenwood Press, 1991); "Finding Criminal Justice in the Library" (Wyndham Hall Press, 1991); "Ethics in Criminal Justice" (Wyndham Hall Press, 1990); "A History of Corrections" (Foundations Press of Notre Dame, 1983); and "The Social Basis of Criminal Justice" (University Press of America, 1981).

Schmalleger is also founding editor of the journal "The Justice Professional. He serves as editor for the Prentice Hall series "Criminal Justice in the Twenty-First Century" and as imprint adviser for Greenwood Publishing Group's criminal justice reference series.

Schmalleger's philosophy of both teaching and writing can be summed up in these words: "To communicate knowledge we must first catch, then hold, a person's interest--be it student, colleague, or policymaker. Our writing, our speaking, and our teaching must be relevant to the problems facing people today, and they must--in some way--help solve those problems.

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