Oil in Texas: The Gusher Age, 1895-1945 (Google eBook)

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University of Texas Press, Jan 1, 2010 - History
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As the twentieth century began, oil in Texas was easy to find, but the quantities were too small to attract industrial capital and production. Then, on January 10, 1901, the Spindletop gusher blew in. Over the next fifty years, oil transformed Texas, creating a booming economy that built cities, attracted out-of-state workers and companies, funded schools and universities, and generated wealth that raised the overall standard of living—even for blue-collar workers. No other twentieth-century development had a more profound effect upon the state.

In this book, Roger M. Olien and Diana Davids Hinton chronicle the explosive growth of the Texas oil industry from the first commercial production at Corsicana in the 1890s through the vital role of Texas oil in World War II. Using both archival records and oral histories, they follow the wildcatters and the gushers as the oil industry spread into almost every region of the state. The authors trace the development of many branches of the petroleum industry—pipelines, refining, petrochemicals, and natural gas. They also explore how overproduction and volatile prices led to increasing regulation and gave broad regulatory powers to the Texas Railroad Commission.

  

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Contents

The Road to Spindletop
1
The First Great Boom
24
After the Boom
53
Oily Water and Black Gold
75
The Rising Tide of Oil
107
Oil in Cow Country
138
The Colossus of Texas Booms
167
Survival and Growth
193
Texas Oil Goes to War
219
NOTES
239
GLOSSARY
277
BIBLIOGRAPHY
285
INDEX
297
Copyright

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About the author (2010)

DIANA DAVIDS HINTON has a Ph.D. in History from Yale University and holds the J. Conrad Dunagan Chair in Regional and Business History at the University of Texas of the Permian Basin.

ROGER M. OLIEN, who has a Ph.D. in History from Brown University, lives in Austin and is a member of the Texas State Historical Association Speakers Bureau. The authors have written five books and numerous articles on the petroleum industry.

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