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abundant Acadian French adopted advantages afford Agricultural American appears bark Bay of Fundy beautiful Black Spruce branches Brunswick bushel Butternut Canseau coast color communication considerable construction County cubic foot distance Dorchester durable embankments estimated Excellency expense Exports feet in height Fisheries flowers foliage forests four Fredericton grain granted and located grows Halifax Harbour Hemlock Spruce important inches in diameter iron rail Larch leaves less miles Miramichi nearly North Nova Scotia piled road Port Prince Edward Island Properties and Uses.—The Province Quebec Rail Road Railway Red Pine render Report resinous River Saint Andrews Saint John season Settlement Shediac shipped shore smooth soil Sugar Maple summit superior surface Telegraph thence Timber trunk twenty United Uses.—The wood vacant valley vessels weighed Westmorland wheels White Cedar White Elm White Maple White Pine Whitehaven wooden Yellow Birch
Page 78 - Thus having said, the bowls (removed for fear) The youths replaced, and soon restored the cheer. On sods of turf he set the soldiers round: A maple throne, raised higher from the ground, Received the Trojan chief; and, o'er the bed, A lion's shaggy hide, for ornament, they spread. The...
Page 76 - Trees having this character of wood are rare, and do not exist in the proportion of one to a hundred. The serpentine direction of the fibre, which renders them difficult to split and to work, produces, in the hands of a skilful mechanic, the most beautiful effects of light and shade. These effects are rendered more striking, if, after smoothing the surface of the wood with a double-ironed plane, it is rubbed with a little sulphuric acid, and afterwards anointed with linseed oil.
Page 79 - The sap continues to flow for six weeks ; after which it becomes less abundant, less rich in saccharine matter, and sometimes even incapable of crystallization. In this case it is consumed in the state of molasses, which is superior to that of the islands. After three or four days exposure to the sun, maple sap is converted into vinegar, by the acetous fermentation.
Page 96 - The black ash is easily distinguished from the white ash by its bark, which is of a duller hue, less deeply furrowed, and has the layers of the epidermis applied in broad sheets.
Page 77 - ... first consists in undulations, like those of the red-flowering maple, and is likewise known as " curled maple ;" the second, which takes place only in old trees that are still sound, appears to arise from an inflexion of the fibre from the circumference toward the centre, producing spots of half a line in diameter, sometimes contiguous, and sometimes several lines apart. The more numerous the spots the more beautiful, and the more esteemed is the wood ; this variety is called
Page 91 - The leaves are oval, pointed, smooth, shining, and bordered, in the spring, with soft, hairy down. The sexes are borne by different branches on the same tree ; the barren flowers are collected in pendulous, globular heads, and the others are small and of a greenish hue. The fruit is...
Page 102 - ... which have left but a comparatively small quantity existing in the Province, should teach a useful lesson with regard to the other valuable timber trees of the country, some of which are threatened with extermination from the greediness and improvidence of the lumbermen. Properties and Uses. — The concentrical circles are crowded in the red pine, and the wood, when wrought, exhibits a fine, compact grain. It is rendered heavy by the resinous matter with which it is impregnated. The wood is...
Page 79 - In either case the boilers are only half filled, and by an active, steady heat the liquor is rapidly reduced to the proper consistency for being poured into the moulds. The evaporation is known to have proceeded far enough when, upon rubbing a drop of the syrup between the fingers, it is perceived to be granular.
Page 110 - The leaves are six or eight lines long, and are inserted singly on the sides and on the top of the branches ; they are narrow, rigid and flat, of a bright green above and a silvery white beneath; whence probably is derived the name of the tree.
Page 86 - ... and, in various shapes, they are of more or less value for home use, as well as for' exportation. There are four species of birch in New Brunswick, all of them tall trees. Of these, the black and yellow birch are the most valuable, and furnish timber of the largest size. The grain of the black birch is fine and close, whence it is susceptible of a brilliant polish : it possesses, also, very considerable strength. It is much used in shipbuilding, for the keel, lower timbers, and planks of vessels...