Removing Barriers: Women in Academic Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics

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Jill M. Bystydzienski, Sharon R. Bird
Indiana University Press, 2006 - Science - 347 pages
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Movement into academic science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields has been slow for women and minorities. Not only are women and minorities underrepresented in STEM careers, there is strong evidence that many academic departments are resistant to addressing the concerns that keep them from entering careers in these fields. In light of recent controversies surrounding these issues, this volume, examining reasons for the persistence of barriers that block the full participation and advancement of underrepresented groups in the sciences and addressing how academic departments and universities can remedy the situation, is particularly timely. As a whole, the volume shows positive examples of institutions and departments that have been transformed by the inclusion of women and recommends a set of best practices for continuing growth in positive directions.

  

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Contents

Introduction
1
history of women in stem fields
21
Reections on Women in Science andTechnology in the TwentiethCentury United States
23
A History of Womens US Engineering Education
46
institutional and cultural barriers forwomen in stem
67
Institutional Barriers Identied byWomen Scientists and Engineers
69
Group Dynamics andResistance to Diversity
93
5 The Gender Gap in Information Technology 108MoYin S Tam and Gilbert W Bassett
108
Mechanism without Reductionism
197
Gender in Plant Biology andFeminist Theory
215
remedies and change
235
12 The Graduate Experience of Women in STEM and How It CouldBe Improved
237
13 How Can Women and Students of Color Come to Belong inGraduate Mathematics?
254
14 Designing GenderSensitive Computer Games to Close theGender Gap in Technology
271
An Examination of UndergraduateWomens Participation in Physics Courses
287
Lessons from Liberal Arts Colleges
303

Experiences from HighSchool through the Postsecondary Years and Beyond
123
Racism Gender Bias and Third World Marginality
142
8 Gendered Experiences in the Science Classroom
161
feminist study of scientific practice
177
9 The Construction of Sexual Bimorphism and Heterosexuality inthe Animal Kingdom
179
Improving the Advancement ofWomen in Academia
320
Selected Readings
333
Contributors
337
Index
341
Copyright

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About the author (2006)

Jill M. Bystydzienski is Director of the Women's Studies Program and Professor of Sociology at Iowa State University.

Sharon R. Bird is Associate Professor of Sociology and an affiliate of the Women's Studies Program at Iowa State University.

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