Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Lord and Peasant in the Making of the Modern World

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Beacon Press, 1993 - History - 559 pages
15 Reviews
Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy is a comparative survey of some of what Moore considers the major/most indicative world economies as they evolved out of pre-modern political systems into industrialism. As the title suggests, Moore is not ultimately concerned with explaining economic development so much as exploring why modes of development produced different political forms that managed the transition to industrialism and modernization. Why did one society modernize into a "relatively free," democratic society (by which Moore means England) while others metamorphosed into fascist or communist states? His core thesis is that in each country, the relationship between the landlord class and the peasants was a primary influence on the ultimate form of government the society arrived at upon arrival in its modern age.
  

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Review: Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Lord and Peasant in the Making of the Modern World

User Review  - Christopher Tang - Goodreads

An amazing read that helped define how I see the world of politics. This is not a light weight book or a breezy read. Moore presents a challenging read with every sentence heavy with ideas. I read this book as an undergraduate studying political science and never looked back. Read full review

Review: Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy: Lord and Peasant in the Making of the Modern World

User Review  - Ahmadzainul - Goodreads

good leterature Read full review

Contents

Chapter I England and the Contributions of Violence to Gradualism
3
2 Agrarian Aspects of the Civil War
14
3 Enclosures and the Destruction of the Peasantry
20
4 Aristocratic Rule for Triumphant Capitalism
29
Chapter II Evolution and Revolution in France
40
2 The Noble Response to Commercial Agriculture
45
3 Class Relationships under Royal Absolutism
56
4 The Aristocratic Offensive and the Collapse of Absolutism
63
5 The Kuomintang Interlude and its Meaning
187
6 Rebellion Revolution and the Peasants
201
Japan
228
2 The Absence of a Peasant Revolution
254
The New Landlords and Capitalism
275
The Nature of Japanese Fascism
291
India and the Price of Peaceful Change
314
Obstacles to Democracy
317

5 The Peasants Relationship to Radicalism during the Revolution
70
The Vendee
92
7 Social Consequences of Revolutionary Terror
101
8 Recapitulation
108
The Last Capitalist Revolution
111
2 Three Forms of American Capitalist Growth
115
3 Toward an Explanation of the Causes of the War
132
4 The Revolutionary Impulse and its Failure
141
5 The Meaning of the War
149
THREE ROUTES TO THE MODERN WORLD IN ASIA
157
Problems in Comparing European and Asian Political Processes
159
Chapter IV The Decay of Imperial China and the Origins of the Communist Variant
162
2 The Gentry and the World of Commerce
174
3 The Failure to Adopt Commercial Agriculture
178
4 Collapse of the Imperial System and the Rise of the Warlords
181
Obstacles to Rebellion
330
4 Changes Produced by the British up to 1857
341
A Landlords Paradise?
353
6 The Bourgeois Link to the Peasantry through Nonviolence
370
7 A Note on the Extent and Character of Peasant Violence
378
8 Independence and the Price of Peaceful Change
385
THEORETICAL IMPLICATIONS AND PROJECTIONS
411
Chapter VII The Democratic Route to Modern Society
413
Chapter VIII Revolution from Above and Fascism
433
Chapter IX The Peasants and Revolution
453
Reactionary and Revolutionary Imagery
484
A Note on Statistics and Conservative Historiography
509
Bibliography
524
Index
547
Copyright

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About the author (1993)

BARRINGTON MOORE, JR is a Lecturer in Sociology at Harvard University and Senior Research Fellow for the University's Russian Centre. He was educated at Williams College, where he took a degree in Greek and Latin, and at Yale University where he gained a PhD in sociology. His book Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy received the Woodrow Wilson Foundation Award in political science and the MacIver Award in sociology. He is also the author of Soviet Politics: The Dilemma of Power, Terror and Progress: USSR, Political Power and Social Theory and, with Robert P. Wolff and Herbert Marcuse, A Critique of Pure Tolerance. His most recent book, Reflections on the Causes of Human Misery and upon Certain Proposals to Eliminate Them, was given the Ralph Waldo Emerson Award of Phi Beta Kappa.

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