Gulf War and Health:: Volume 7: Long-Term Consequences of Traumatic Brain Injury

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National Academies Press, Jan 30, 2009 - Medical - 396 pages
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The seventh in a series of congressionally mandated reports on Gulf War veterans health, this volume evaluates traumatic brain injury (TBI) and its association with long-term health affects.

That many returning veterans have TBI will likely mean long-term challenges for them and their family members. Further, many veterans will have undiagnosed brain injury because not all TBIs have immediately recognized effects or are easily diagnosed with neuroimaging techniques.

In an effort to detail the long term consequences of TBI, the committee read and evaluated some 1,900 studies that made up its literature base, and it developed criteria for inclusion of studies to inform its findings. It is clear that brain injury, whether penetrating or closed, has serious consequences. The committee sought to detail those consequences as clearly as possible and to provide a scientific framework to assist veterans as they return home.

  

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Contents

SUMMARY
1
1 INTRODUCTION
13
2 BIOLOGY OF TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY
19
3 EPIDEMIOLOGY OF ADULT TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY
59
4 CONSIDERATIONS IN IDENTIFYING AND EVALUATING THE LITERATURE
103
5 MAJOR COHORT STUDIES
117
6 NEUROCOGNITIVE OUTCOMES
173
7 NEUROLOGIC OUTCOMES
197
8 PSYCHIATRIC OUTCOMES
265
9 SOCIAL FUNCTIONING
301
10 OTHER HEALTH OUTCOMES
333
11 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
367
INDEX
373
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