Glass beads in ancient India: an ethnoarchaeological approach
Glass-making and the production of beads was a small-scale industry in India originating some time in the first millennium BC. Although evidence from 212 ancient sites, 36 of which are claimed to be manufacturing sites, provides some insight into the context and date of the industry, issues to do with manufacturing methods, function and symbolic value seem only to be accessible through ethnographic evidence. This study combines both archaeologucal and ethnographic data, as well as literary evidence, to create a history of the glass bead industry in India. The author looks in detail at reports and records created by the British government in the late 19th century relating to the glass industry.
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A.I.H.C. & Archaeology agate ancient India Andhra Pradesh Angami Archaeology Arikamedu bangle pieces bead makers bead manufacturing beads and bangles Beads of glass Beads of semi-precious Beads of terracotta Bihar blue Bondo Bondo women Bttar Pradesh carnelian century B.C. Chalcolithic clay coins copper crucibles crystal culture debitage Dept Dikshit District/State evidence of glass excavation faience Figure Firozabad fragments Francis furnace Glass and glass glass and terracotta glass bangles glass bead production glass beads glass objects glass slag glassmaking glazed GnaM Gupta Indian Archaeology Indo-Pacific beads iron Juang Kanungo Karnataka kerang Konyak Kusana lada large number Madh8 Pradesh Maharashtra mandrel material Medieval melting mould Nagaland Nagas necklaces Nevasa opaque ornaments oxide Papanaidupet pendants perforation Period/Date Period Purdalpur red ware Reference/Work lead related details Satavahana Satavahana period semi-precious stones shape silica Singh stringing Tamil Nadu Taxila techniques terracotta Tripuri Uttar Uttar Pradesh Varanasi village wear wound beads