How the Cold War Transformed Philosophy of Science: To the Icy Slopes of Logic

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Cambridge University Press, Mar 21, 2005 - History - 418 pages
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This intriguing and ground-breaking book is the first in-depth study of the development of philosophy of science in the United States during the Cold War. It documents the political vitality of logical empiricism and Otto Neurath's Unity of Science Movement when these projects emigrated to the US in the 1930s and follows their de-politicization by a convergence of intellectual, cultural and political forces in the 1950s. Students of logical empiricism and the Vienna Circle treat these as strictly intellectual non-political projects. In fact, the refugee philosophers of science were highly active politically and debated questions about values inside and outside science, as a result of which their philosophy of science was scrutinized politically both from within and without the profession, by such institutions as J. Edgar Hoover's FBI. It will prove absorbing reading to philosophers and historians of science, intellectual historians, and scholars of Cold War studies.
  

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Contents

1 An Introduction to Logical Empiricism and the Unity of Science Movement in the Cold War
1
2 Otto Neurath Charles Morris Rudolf Carnap and Philipp Frank
27
3 Leftist Philosophy of Science in America and the Reception of Logical Empiricism in New York City
57
4 Doomed in Advance to Defeat?
83
5 Red Philosophy of Science
96
6 The View from the Left
118
7 The View from the Far Left
136
8 Postwar Disillusionment AntiIntellectualism and the Values Debate
149
12 A Very Fertile Field for Investigation
234
13 Anticommunist Investigations Loyalty Oaths and the Wrath of Sidney Hook
259
14 Competing Programs for Postwar Philosophy of Science
283
15 Freedom Celebrated
307
16 The Marginalization of Charles Morris
331
17 Values Axioms and the Icy Slopes of Logic
344
18 Professionalism Power and What Might Have Been
369
References
389

9 Horace Kallens Attack on the Unity of Science
167
10 Creeping Totalitarianism Creeping Scholasticism
191
11 Franks Neurathian Crusade
208

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About the author (2005)

George A. Reisch is an independent scholar

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