Alternatives to Athens: Varieties of Political Organization and Community in Ancient Greece

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Oxford University Press, 2002 - History - 393 pages
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In 1993 the world celebrated the 2500th anniversary of the birth of democracy in ancient Athens, whose polis - or citizen state - is often viewed as the model ancient Greek state. In an age when democracy has apparently triumphed following the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe, we tend to forget that the democratic citizen-state was only one of many forms of political community in Greek antiquity. This volume aims to redress the balance. Eighteen essays by established and younger historians examine alternative political systems and ideologies: oligarchies, monarchies, and mixed constitutions along with diverse forms of communal and regional associations such as ethnoi, amphiktyonies, and confederacies. The papers, which span the length and breadth of the Hellenic world from the Balkans and Anatolia to Magna Graecia and north Africa, highlight the immense political flexibility and diversity of ancient Greek civilization.
  

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Contents

Alternatives to Democracy
34
Timocracy and Violence in Theognis
52
Exchange and Stasis in Archaic Mytilene
68
Monarchs and Monarchy in Fifthcentury
103
Oligarchs in Athens
119
Alternative Democracies
137
Ethnicity Colonization and Citizenship
167
Ethne
188
Homeric and Macedonian Kingship
259
The Kings of Lycia in the Achaemenid Period
269
Amphiktyonies and Confederacies
280
Argead and Aetolian Relations with the Delphic Polis in the Late
293
Problems of Democracy in the Arcadian Confederacy 370362 BC
308
Landuse Ethnicity and Federalism in West Crete
327
Bibliography
349
Index
388

Space Hierarchy and Community in Archaic and Classical
212
The Molossians as Ethnos
234

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About the author (2002)

Roger Brock is Lecturer in Classics, University of Leeds Stephen Hodkinson is Lecturer in Ancient History, University of Manchester

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