James Laughlin, New Directions, and the Remaking of Ezra Pound (Google eBook)

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Univ of Massachusetts Press, 2005 - Biography & Autobiography - 272 pages
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Although James Laughlin (1914-1997) came from one of Pittsburgh's leading steel-making families, his passions were literary rather than industrial - he wanted to be a poet. Laughlin was a freshman at Harvard when he traveled to Rapallo, Italy, in 1933 to meet Ezra Pound (1885-1972), and he returned the following year to enroll in the poet's Ezuversity. Pound dismissed Laughlin's poetic talents, advising the wealthy young man to make himself a publisher. Laughlin did just that, founding New Directions Press in 1936. For much of the 1930s, Laughlin and Pound were friends, business associates, collaborators, student and teacher, and even at times son and surrogate father. tested by Pound's wartime propaganda broadcasts for Italian state radio, his capture and abortive trial for treason, and his thirteen-year stay as a mental patient in St. Elizabeths Hospital. Following this scandal and disgrace, the reading public no longer wanted to buy Pound's books, and the critical establishment dismissed him as a Fascist crank. Laughlin and New Directions responded by marketing Pound in such a way as to convince consumers that the poet's importance needed to be judged solely on aesthetic grounds, and that his political beliefs were irrelevant to his accomplishments as a pioneering literary artist. With Pound's encouragement, and despite the poet's oft-expressed opposition to the mixture of commerce and art, Laughlin used such marketing tools as advertising, the cultivation of friendly critics, and the development of the trade paperback to enhance Pound's reputation. other New Directions staffers and unpublished materials from numerous literary archives - Gregory Barnhisel tells the story of the personal and professional relationship between one of the twentieth century's most controversial writers and his loyal and innovative American publisher - a relationship that eventually helped remake literary history and continues to shape our understanding of modernism itself.
  

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Contents

Introduction
1
Pound and the Publishing Industry
14
Fighting the Enemy The Birth of New Directions
47
The Objective Perception of Value The Bollingen Award
92
Prying Apart Poetry and Politics
127
The Pound Era
159
Conclusion
197
Notes
205
Bibliography
245
Index
263
Copyright

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Page 9 - Works, it is this, - that every Author, as far as he is great and at the same time original, has had the task of creating the taste by which he is to be enjoyed: so has it been, so will it continue to be.
Page 10 - It is a metaphor, taken from a passive sense of the human body, and transferred to things which are in their essence not passive to intellectual acts and operations.

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About the author (2005)

Gregory Barnhisel is assistant professor of English and director of the First-Year Writing Program at Duquesne University.

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