Report of the Philippine Commission, to the President [January 31, 1900-December 20, 1900]. (Google eBook)

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1901 - Philippines
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Page 326 - ... are extremely beautiful. Not a few of them are protectively colored, and the nature of their shells is such that when the tree trunks that they frequent darken with the wet they darken at the same time. Many of the species are extremely local in their distribution, and the study of the land mollusca of the archipelago is of absorbing interest to the conchologist. So far as we at present know, none of the species are of great practical importance to man, although some of them are occasionally...
Page 235 - It consists in alternate partial roasting and reduction to "matte" and eventually to black copper. It is generally believed that this process must have been introduced from China or Japan. It is practiced only by one peculiar tribe of natives, the Igorrotes, who are remarkable in many ways. Vague reports and the routes by which copper smelted by natives comes to market indicate that there are copper mines in various portions of the Cordillera Central, but the only deposits which have been examined...
Page 235 - Greenwich or 124 38' east of Madrid. The range of which data forms one peak trends due north to Cape Lacay-Lacay and forms a boundary for all the provinces infringing upon it. Data itself lies in the Province of Lepanto. In this range copper ore has been smelted by the natives from time immemorial, and before Magellan discovered the Philippines. The process is a complicated one, based on the same principles as the method of smelting sulpho-salts of this metal in Europe and America. It consists...
Page 235 - Cebu, and Bohol are reported to contain gold, but no exact data are accessible. At the south end of the small island of Panaon, which is just to the south of Leyte, there are gold quartz veins, one of which has been worked to some extent. It is 6 feet in thickness, and has yielded from $6 to $7 per ton. In the island of Mindanao there are two known gold-bearing districts. One of these is in the province of Surigao, where Placer and other townships show gravels and veins. The second district is in...
Page 234 - Gold is found in a vast number of localities in the archipelago from northern Luzon to central Mindanao. In most cases the gold is detrital, and found either in existing water courses or in stream deposits now deserted by the current. These last are called " aluviones
Page 222 - The sulphurous springs appear at several points along the channel of a small stream, whose waters, of the ordinary temperature, conveniently mixed with the water from the hot springs, make baths of any temperature that may be desired. Underneath the round stones which make the bed of the brook there are found small deposits of sulphur sublimate, and at certain places in a pasty state and colored by metallic oxides, which are used in that locality for paint. The second that is to say, the siliceous...
Page 110 - At 21 miles from the northern mouth the river divides into two arms, which enter the sea 4$ miles apart. In the northern part of Mindanao is the province of Surigao, bordered on the north by the Surigao Sea, on the east by the Pacific, on the south by the District of Davao, and" on the west by the territory of the infieles. It is mountainous, but the Christian population resides on the coasts and in the northern point of the territory. The population is 95,775, distributed among 45 pueblos, 10 barrios,...
Page 308 - Indo-Malayan subregion, it should not be forgotten that at least among the birds and mammals there is a large amount of specialization in the islands to the eastward of the Baladac-PalawanCalimianes group. It is not our purpose to enter into a detailed discussion of the zoology of the Philippines, and we shall content ourselves with briefly mentioning a few of the more important or interesting forms in the various groups. MAMMALS. As already stated, the Philippines are very poor in mammals; and this...
Page 3 - Torrid zone, between 4 40' and 21 10' north latitude and longitude 116 40' and 126 34' east of Greenwich. They are surrounded on the north and west by the China sea, on the east by the Pacific ocean, and on the south by the sea of Celebes.
Page 326 - L.) split into thin, flat plates, and cut into squares some 2 inches on a side, are almost universally used in place of window glass. They are fitted into sliding wooden frames, and when in place serve to modify the glare of the tropical sun, producing much the effect of ground glass. The shells of the enormous giant clams of the genus Tridacna sometimes attain a length of 5 or 6 feet, and weigh Hundreds of pounds.

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