The Kings and the Pawns: Collaboration in Byelorussia during World War II (Google eBook)

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Berghahn Books, Mar 15, 2011 - History - 458 pages
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For many years, the history of Byelorussia under Nazi occupation was written primarily from the perspective of the resistance movement. This movement, a reaction to the brutal occupation policies, was very strong indeed. Still, as the author shows, there existed in Byelorussia a whole web of local institutions and organizations which, some willingly, others with reservations, participated in the implementation of various aspects of occupation policies. The very sensitivity of the topic of collaboration has prevented researchers from approaching it for many years, not least because in the former Soviet territories ideological considerations have played an important role in preserving the topic's "untouchable" status. Focusing on the attitude of German authorities toward the Byelorussians, marked by their anti-Slavic and particularly anti-Byelorussian prejudices on the one hand and the motives of Byelorussian collaborators on the other, the author clearly shows that notwithstanding the postwar trend to marginalize the phenomenon of collaboration or to silence it altogether, the local collaboration in Byelorussia was clearly visible and pervaded all spheres of life under the occupation.

  

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Contents

Introduction
1
Theoretical Overview
11
Chapter 2 Historical Background
57
Chapter 3 German Policies in Byelorussia 19411944
83
Political Collaboration in Byelorussia
129
The Churchs Collaboration in Occupied Byelorussia
191
The Legal Press as a Propagandist Tool of the Nazis New Europe
227
Chapter 7 Collaboration in the Politics of Repression
253
Chapter 8 MilitaryPolice Collaboration in Byelorussia
325
Summary
391
SS and Military Ranks
405
Glossary
407
Bibliography
411
Index of Places
423
Index of Persons
429
Copyright

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About the author (2011)

Leonid Rein was born in Byelorussia (then part of the USSR) and graduated from Haifa University. While studying for his Ph.D. he received the Wolf Foundation's student grant of excellence and his dissertation was awarded a prize by the Norbert and Lisa Schechter Foundation. He is currently a Senior Researcher at the International Institute for Holocaust Research, Yad Vashem (Israel), specializing in Nazi occupation policies, local collaboration, and the Holocaust in the Soviet territories.

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