An Introduction to Sociolinguistics
This comprehensive new edition of Wardhaugh’s textbook incorporates additional study features and numerous new and updated references to bring the book completely up-to-date, whilst maintaining the features that made the book so popular with lecturers and students: accessible coverage of a wide range of issues, clearly written, and with useful student study features.
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Languages and Communities
Pidgins and Creoles
Some Findings and Issues
Words at Work
accent actually attempt Bahasa Indonesia bilingual Bokmål chapter characteristics Chinese choice claim code-switching concerned Consequently conversation cultural deﬁne deﬁnition developed dialect difﬁcult diglossia ethnic example factors females ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁndings ﬁrst ﬁve forms French gender German grammar guage Guaraní Haitian Creole Hindi honoriﬁcs identity important individuals inﬂuence interaction investigators involved issues kind Labov language planning lingua franca linguistic linguistic behavior linguistic variable male middle class Milroy multilingual nonstandard norms observed ofﬁcial language Papua New Guinea particular percent person pidgins pidgins and creoles politeness possible pronunciation refer reﬂect relationships signiﬁcant situation social class sociolinguistics solidarity sometimes speak speakers speciﬁc speech community spoken Standard English structure style Swahili talk Tok Pisin Tóngzhì topic Trudgill usage utterances variation variety of English various vocabulary vowel women words working-class zero copula