The Booker T. Washington Papers: 1914-15

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University of Illinois Press, Jan 1, 1984 - Social Science - 592 pages
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The memoirs and accounts of the Black educator are presented with letters, speeches, personal documents, and other writings reflecting his life and career.
  

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Contents

Apr 1914 To Robert Russa Moton
5
Apr 1914 To M Gatewood Milligan Jr
11
June 1914 From Charles Banks
65
June 1914 To Thomas Mott Osborne
72
July 1914 To Seth Low
79
Nov 1914 To the Editor of The Negro Farmer
159
ca r 6 Nov 1914 To Thomas Jesse Jones
175
Jan 1915 Extracts from an Address before
228
Oppenheimer
381
Oppenheimer
408
Oct 1915 To Margaret James Murray Washington
414
ca Oct 1915 A Draft of an Article on Fishing in Mobile Bay
420
Nov 1915 To Clinton Joseph Galloway
426
James Murray Washington
431
Emmett Jay Scott
439
Nov 1915 Madame C J Walker to Margaret James
449

Jan 1915 To William G Willcox
234
Feb 1915 To Seth Low
240
ca Feb 1915 From Alfred Charles Sam
246
Mar 1915 To Charles Ellis Mason
253
Apr 1915 To Julius Rosenwald
279
May 1915 To James Longstreet Siblcy
294
June 1915 To William Colfax Graves
320
June 1915 To William Sidney Pittman
330
Aug 1915 William G Willcox to William Colfax Graves
344
Sept 1915 Emmett Jay Scott to Robert Russa Moton
351
Peace Party
365
Nov 1915 William G Willcox to Julius Rosenwald
459
Nov 1915 Emmett Jay Scott to Frederick Randolph Moore
465
Nov 1915 James Carroll Napier to Julius Rosenwald
471
Dec 1915 John E Bush to Emmett Jay Scott
486
An Editorial in The Crisis by William
492
May 1902 To Samuel McCune Lindsay
504
July 1904 To Emmett Jay Scott
510
Nov 1906 From Nicholas Chiles
516
June 1908 From Allen Allensworth
522
INDEX
531
Copyright

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About the author (1984)

Booker Taliaferro Washington, 1856 - 1915 Booker T. Washington was born a slave in Hales Ford, Virginia, near Roanoke. After the U.S. government freed all slaves in 1865, his family moved to Malden, West Virginia. There, Washington worked in coal mines and salt furnaces. He went on to attend the Hampton, Virginia Normal and Agricultural Institute from 1872-1875 before joining the staff in 1879. In 1881 he was selected to head the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, a new teacher-training school for blacks, which he transformed into a thriving institution, later named Tuskegee University. His controversial conviction that blacks could best gain equality in the U.S. by improving their economic situation through education rather than by demanding equal rights was termed the Atlanta Compromise, because Washington accepted inequality and segregation for blacks in exchange for economic advancement. Washington advised two Presidents, Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft, on racial problems and policies, as well as influencing the appointment of several blacks to federal offices. Washington became a shrewd political leader and advised not only Presidents, but also members of Congress and governors. He urged wealthy people to contribute to various black organizations. He also owned or financially supported many black newspapers. In 1900, Washington founded the National Negro Business League to help black business firms. Washington fought silently for equal rights, but was eventually usurped by those who ideas were more radical and demanded more action. Washington was replaced by W. E. B. Du Bois as the foremost black leader of the time, after having spent long years listening to Du Bois deride him for his placation of the white man and the plight of the negro. He died in 1915.

Harlan is Professor of History at the University of Maryland.

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