The Spanish Lake

Front Cover
ANU E Press, 2004 - Explorers - 372 pages
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"'Strictly speaking, there was no such thing as "the Pacific" until in 1520-1 Fernao de Magalhãis, better known as Magellan, traversed the huge expanse of waters, which then received its name.' With these opening words, Oskar Spate launches his account of the process by which the greatest blank on the map became a focus of global relations. The Spanish Lake describes the essentially European and American achievement of turning this emptiness into a nexus of economic and military power. This work is a history of the Pacific, the ocean that became a theatre of power and conflict shaped by the politics of Europe and the economic background of Spanish America. There could only be a concept of 'the Pacific' once the limits and lineaments of the ocean were set and this was undeniably the work of Europeans. Fifty years after the Conquista, Nueva Espaņa and Peru were the bases from which the ocean was turned into virtually a Spanish lake."--Publisher's description
  

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Contents

The World without the Pacific
1
The Ptolemaic World Map
7
An Elizabethan galleon
17
Caravels
18
Dutch fluyts
19
Balboa Magellan and The Moluccas
25
Castillo del Oro
30
The American Indies
39
The Spaniards in Melanesia 15681606
123
Manila Japan Macao
150
Macao
153
The Great Ship at Nagasaki
156
Manila and Luzon
159
Japan and Korea
166
Llamas and mining
187
the silver frontier
189

Magellan in the Pacific
41
Magellan in the Straits
46
Before and after Magellan
55
The antimeridian of the Tordesillas line
56
first phase
64
The Invasion of Peru
68
Guayaquil to Callao
72
CallaotoAricaandPotosi
73
Coquimbo to Valdivia
76
Loaysa to Urdaneta
87
Philippines and Moluccas
88
To and from the Philippines 152565
93
The Pacific by midcentury
99
Sailing routes
115
Mendana Quiros and Torres
121
Potosi and the Cerro
192
Acapulco and Callao
217
Drakes Pacific
239
The English raids 157894
243
Magellanica
247
Before and after Drake
249
Nova Albion
255
Drake in the Pacific
259
Sarmiento in the Straits
277
Ptolemy transformed
288
Pacific outlines 15001600
290
Notes
293
Index
355
Copyright

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