Freedom North: Black Freedom Struggles Outside the South, 1940-1980

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Jeanne F. Theoharis, Komozi Woodard
Palgrave Macmillan, Feb 8, 2003 - History - 326 pages
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The civil rights movement occupies a prominent place in popular thinking and scholarly work on post-1945 U.S. history. Yet the dominant narrative of the movement remains that of a nonviolent movement born in the South during the 1950s that emerged triumphant in the early 1960s, only to be derailed by the twin forces of Black Power and white backlash when it sought to move outside the South after 1965. African American protest and political movements outside the South appear as ancillary and subsequent to the “real” movement in the South, despite the fact that black activism existed in the North, Midwest, and West in the 1940s, and persisted well into the 1970s. This book brings together new scholarship on black social movements outside the South to rethink the civil rights narrative and the place of race in recent history. Each chapter focuses on a different location and movement outside the South, revealing distinctive forms of U.S. racism according to place and the varieties of tactics and ideologies that community members used to attack these inequalities, to show that the civil rights movement was indeed a national movement for racial justice and liberation.

Preface by Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham

Afterword by Robin D.G. Kelley

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About the author (2003)

KOMOZI WOODARD is professor of history at Sarah Lawrence College, and author of A Nation within a Nation: Amiri Baraka (Leroi Jones) and Black Power Politics.

JEANNE THEOHARIS is assistant professor of political science at Brooklyn College, City University of New York. Her forthcoming book, These-Yet-To-Be-United States: Civil Rights and Civil Liberties in Post-1945 America, will be published in 2002.

MATTHEW COUNTRYMAN is assistant professor of history and American culture at the University of Michigan.

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