Rail rapid transit and energy: a re-examination of current conventional wisdom
New York State Dept. of Transportation, Planning Division, 1983 - Local transit - 62 pages
Re-analysis of BART energy study by C.A. Lave: Rail rapid transit and energy: the adverse effects (Transportation research record 648, 1977)
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addressed Not addressed annual construction energy annual energy costs asphalt auto ownership auto trips diverted BART vehicle BART's BBTU Freeway BTU/MJ BTU/pass BTU/veh BTU/veh-mi calculations calorific energy Caltrans car left home Congressional Budget Office construction energy costs D. K. BOYLE Department of Transportation Discussion Paper diverted to BART dollars energy categories energy efficiency energy factor energy saved freeway alternative highway capacity highway needed HJ/veh includes energy lost km service km/L km/trip lane-kilometers lane-km lane-mi Lave Lave's analysis ln-km lost in refining manufacture factor MJ/dollar MJ/kg MJ/pass MJ/pass-km MJ/veh-km MJ/vk NYSDOT operating energy parking garages pass-km pass-km x passenger-kilometers peak hour peak hr riders propulsive energy costs Pushkarev and Zupan Rail rapid transit rail transit construction rail transit system Research Record 648 ridership Section 15 report spaces station operations Transportation Research Board Transportation Research Record tunnel Usowicz and Hawley vehicle maintenance energy vehicle manufacture energy Washington