Sexual Conflict

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Princeton University Press, 2005 - Science - 330 pages
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The past decade has seen a profound change in the scientific understanding of reproduction. The traditional view of reproduction as a joint venture undertaken by two individuals, aimed at replicating their common genome, is being challenged by a growing body of evidence showing that the evolutionary interests of interacting males and females diverge. This book demonstrates that, despite a shared genome, conflicts between interacting males and females are ubiquitous, and that selection in the two sexes is continuously pulling this genome in opposite directions. These conflicts drive the evolution of a great variety of those traits that distinguish the sexes and also contribute to the diversification of lineages. Göran Arnqvist and Locke Rowe present an array of evidence for sexual conflict throughout nature, and they set these conflicts into the well-established theoretical framework of sexual selection.

The recognition of conflict between the sexes is transforming our theories for the evolution of mating systems and the sexes themselves. Written by two top researchers in the field, Sexual Conflict is the first book to describe this transformation. It is a must read for all scholars and students interested in the evolutionary biology of reproduction.

  

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Contents

Sexual Conflict in Nature
1
11 Evolving Views of Sex and Reproduction
2
12 Sexually Antagonistic Selection and Sexual Conflict
6
121 Intralocus Sexual Conflict
7
122 Interlocus Sexual Conflict
10
13 Aims and Scope
11
Sexual Selection and Sexual Conflict History Theory and Empirical Avenues
14
22 The Fisher Process
18
421 Male Defensive Adaptations and Sexual Conflict
107
4211 Costs of Delaying Remating in Females
111
4212 Female Costs as Side Effects
116
4213 Female Costs as a Direct Target of Male Strategies
118
422 Male Offensive Adaptations and Sexual Conflict
121
4223 Indirect Costs and Deleterious Matings
128
4224 Conflicts over Cryptic Female Choice
129
43 Conflicts over the Duration of Mating
132

23 Indicator or Good Genes Mechanisms
22
24 The Male Trait
25
25 Direct Benefits
26
26 Preexisting Biases and the Origin of the Preference
27
27 Sexual Conflict
29
271 Parkers Initial Models of Sexual Conflict
30
272 Genetic Models
31
273 PhenotypeDependent and PhenotypeIndependent Costs
34
274 Nonequilibrium Models
35
29 The Roles of the Sexes in Sexual Conflict
38
210 Empirical Approaches to the Study of Sexual Conflict
40
Sexual Conflict Prior to Mating
44
31 The Economy of Mating and the Evolution of Resistance
45
312 Costs of Low Mate Quality
46
313 Costs of Resisting Mating
47
314 Costs to Females as a Side Effect of MaleMale Competition
48
315 Sexual Conflict and the Evolution of Sexual Cannibalism by Females
50
316 Sexual Conflict and the Evolution of Infanticide by Males
53
32 Adaptations for Persistence and Resistance
55
321 Harassment and Resistance
57
322 Grasping Traits
60
323 Antigrasping Traits and Other Forms of Resistance
68
324 Exploitation of Sensory Biases
71
325 Conveniene Polyandry
77
33 Sexual Conflict and Sexual Selection
78
34 Mate Screening and Other Alternative Explanations for Resistance Traits
80
35 Case Studies in Sexually Antagonistic Coevolution
83
352 Water Striders
84
353 Bedbugs
87
Sexual Conflict after Mating
92
41 Female Reproductive Effort and the Conflicting Interests of the Sexes
96
411 Seminal Substances with Gonadotropic Effects
97
412 Nuptial Feeding
102
413 Male Display Traits
103
42 Female Mating Behavior Sperm Competition and the Conflicting Interests of the Sexes
106
431 Male and Female Adaptations
135
44 Postmating Conflicts and MaleFemale Coevolution
139
Nuptial Gifts or Medea Gifts?
140
46 Are Male Postmating Adaptations Costly to Females?
146
Sexually Antagonistic Coevolution in Fruit Flies
149
Parental Care and Sexual Conflict
156
52 Mate Desertion
158
522 Never Trust a Penduline Tit
160
53 Partial Mate Desertion and Sexual Conflict over the Mating System in Biparental Species
164
54 Sexual Conflict over the Relative Amount of Care in Biparental Monogamous Species
170
Family Life in Cambridge University Botanic Garden
174
Other Implications of Sexual Conflict
179
62 Sexual Conflict Sex Ratios and Sex Allocation
183
Sexual Conflict within Hermaphrodites
185
631 Premating Conflict in Hermaphrodites
187
632 Postmating Conflict in Hermaphrodites
190
633 Sexual Selection and Antagonistic Coevolution in Hermaphrodites
192
634 The Love Dart in SnailsA Shot at Paternity?
196
64 Sexual Conflict in Plants
200
65 Sexual Conflict Speciation and Extinction
203
651 Sexual Conflict as an Engine of Evolutionary Divergence
207
652 Population CrossesInferring Process from Pattern
210
66 Sexual Conflict and Sex Chromosomes
212
Concepts and Levels of Sexual Conflict
216
72 Resolution of Sexual Conflict
219
73 Winners and Losers of Sexual Conflict?
220
74 Sexual Conflict over the Control of Interactions
222
75 The Intensity of Sexual Conflict
223
76 Sexual Conflict over Mate Choice
224
Concluding Remarks
226
References
229
Author Index
305
Subject Index
321
Copyright

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About the author (2005)

Goran Arnqvist is an associate professor in the Department of Animal Ecology at the University of Uppsala. Locke Rowe is Professor and Canada Research Chair in the Department of Zoology at the University of Toronto.

Locke Rowe is Professor and Canada Research Chair in the Department of Zoology at the University of Toronto.

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