Angola: Promises and Lies
Angola's civil war has been the longest and bloodiest in Africa. What was once a proxy conflict between the Cold War superpowers has become an apparently endless ethnic conflict. While the political leaders struggle to control the country's immense reserves of diamonds and oil, ordinary Angolans have been caught in the crossfire of a quarter of a century of conflict. In 1992 the country was supposed to, under UN auspices, hold its first ever democratic election - but it all went wrong. UNITA's Jonas Savimbi rejected his defeat. Pik Botha, for many years one of Savimbi's greatest defenders, went to Angola to help bring peace to the country. UNITA owes much of its current military strength to Pretoria, just as the MPLA had a huge debt to the Cubans and the former Soviet Union. Botha's diplomatic efforts were no more successful than those of other international peacekeepers and the diplomatic community eventually negotiated a new, though fragile, peace agreement. Skeptical of both sides' promises and lies about peace, Maier has written an account of conflict in one of the world's most tragic yet least understood war zones.
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airport Alto Hama Angola Angolan government armed army arrived Bailundo battle Benguela Bicesse Bicesse accords bomb Bonga Bonga Bonga Caala Cabinda ceasefire centre Chitunda Chivukuvuku civilians commander Cuban Cuito Cuanavale demobilisation Deofina dozens drive elections FAPLA fighting FLEC forces foreign government soldiers guerrillas headquarters hospital Huambo independence Joao Jonas Savimbi Josina Machel journalists killed Kuito landmines later Lobito look lorries Luanda Lubango maize Malange Margaret Anstee Mavinga miles military minders Miramar months morning mortar MPLA National Electoral Council negotiate Ovimbundu peace planalto plane police Portugal Portuguese President dos Santos radio Red Cross road Salupeto Pena Savimbi says shells shooting shot shouting soba South African stop streets tanks tell town truck Turismo Umbundu UNAVEM UNITA officials UNITA soldiers UNITA supporters UNITA troops United Nations vehicles vote walk workers World Food Programme young