Scientific Knowledge: A Sociological Analysis
Barry Barnes, David Bloor, John Henry
University of Chicago Press, Jul 15, 1996 - Science - 230 pages
Although science was once seen as the product of individual great men working in isolation, we now realize that, like any other creative activity, science is a highly social enterprise, influenced in subtle as well as obvious ways by the wider culture and values of its time. Scientific Knowledge is the first introduction to social studies of scientific knowledge.
The authors, all noted for their contributions to science studies, have organized this book so that each chapter examines a key step in the process of doing science. Using case studies from cognitive science, physics, and biology to illustrate their descriptions and applications of the social study of science, they show how this approach provides a crucial perspective on how science is actually done.
Scientific Knowledge will be of interest not only to those engaged in science studies, but also to anyone interested in the practice of science.
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accepted action activity analogy aniline apparatus appearances applied argument basis belief biologists boundaries Boyle Boyle's cells charge claims classification Collins conclusion context continue conventions criticism culture demarcation described droplet duck Ehrenhaft electron empirical enzyme ethnomethodology evidence example exemplars existing experience experimental explain extended fact finitism finitist account formulations geologists goals and interests historical Holton identify individual inductive instances interpretation John Brown judgements Kuhn mathematical matter means Mendel's Millikan modus ponens natural kinds Necker cube objects observation particles particular perception philosophers physical physicists practice precisely problem procedure proof protoplasm question realist mode realist strategy reality reasoning recognized reference reification relevant resemblance rigid designation role routine Royal Society scientific knowledge scientists self-evident sense Shapin and Schaffer simply social sociological sociologists sociology of knowledge sociology of science specific sustained theoretical things tradition understanding uniformitarian Vestiges zymase