Training strategies for the M1 Abrams tank driver trainer
C. Mazie Knerr, Susan D. Keller, Janice H. Laurence, U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences
U.S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, 1984 - Technology & Engineering - 96 pages
The research objective was to develop guidelines for applying the M1 Abrams tank driver trainer (DT) to train tank drivers, including determining tasks trained, developing rules for applying the training device features, justifying the use of these rules using principles of learning, identifying potential device features, and integrating the DT into the Armor program of instruction. The research classified the DT tasks according to the Training Effectiveness and Cost Effectiveness Prediction Model (TECEP) which prescribes learning guidelines based on the behavioral activities, conditions, standards, and feedback of the tasks. Most of the tasks are procedural, but many of the procedures require voice communications, decision making, or both. One set of the DT programs presents the continuous movement tasks of driving such as steering. Some learning guidelines are common to all DT tasks (e.g., providing active practice and feedback) while others are specific to the type of task (e.g., high fidelity, continuous feedback for continuous movement tasks). Potential DT features pertain to all tasks (e.g. scoring tasks) or to specific tasks (e.g., increasing the number and repetition of decision-making tasks). Integration of the DT into the program of instruction considers use of the M1 tank technical manual, new programs orienting the trainee to the driving block of instruction and the driver's intercom, and changes in the device hardware and software.
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DT Features for Decision Making Learning Guidelines
Conceptual Framework for Training Features
Active Instructional Driver Trainer Features
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ABRAMS TANK DRIVER Army Research Institute Augment Cues block of instruction Braby Brake Failure checklist item Circuit Breaker continuous movement tasks Control Faulty correct performance decision Demonstrate displays driving programs driving tasks DT programs DT tasks Engine Oil Evaluation exercises feedback Fire Extinguisher freeze Identify knowledge of results Learning Algorithm Learning Categories Learning Guidelines maneuver manual programs Ml Abrams tank monitor Oil Pressure Low Oil Temperature High operational setting overlearning Particle Filter positioning movement positive reinforcement Potential DT Features potential features presented problems Procedure Program procedures and malfunctions proprioceptive prraram Recalling Procedures repeated responses sequence situations skills specific task steering indicator step-by-step instructions Table TAEG Report TANK DRIVER TRAINER task categories Task Types tasks e.g. TECEP guidelines trail trainee performance trainee station trainee's Training Effectiveness Training Equipment training guidelines TRAINING STRATEGIES Transmission Oil types of tasks U.S. Army Research voice communication voice procedure