Research Required to Support Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Monitoring (Google eBook)

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National Academies Press, Aug 1, 1997 - Political Science - 150 pages
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On September 24, 1996, President Clinton signed the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty at the United Nations Headquarters. Over the next five months, 141 nations, including the four other nuclear weapon states -- Russia, China, France, and the United Kingdom -- added their signatures to this total ban on nuclear explosions. To help achieve verification of compliance with its provisions, the treaty specifies an extensive International Monitoring System of seismic, hydroacoustic, infrasonic, and radionuclide sensors. This volume identifies specific research activities that will be needed if the United States is to effectively monitor compliance with the treaty provisions.

  

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Contents

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
THE COMPREHENSIVE NUCLEAR TEST BAN TREATY 7
CTBT MONITORING TECHNICAL CHALLENGES THAT DRIVE RESEARCH 23
RESEARCH PRIORITIES 49
U S RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE 83
CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 89
A STATEMENT OF TASK 101
SEISMIC EVENT LOCATION 107
SEISMIC MAGNITUDES AND SOURCE STRENGTHS 113
E HYDROACOUSTICS 121
G RADIONUCLIDE SOURCE TERM RANGES FOR DIFFERENT TEST SCENARIOS 131
CONTENTS xi
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