# Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations, Second Edition

CRC Press, Nov 18, 2008 - Technology & Engineering - 872 pages

Hailed on its initial publication as a real-world, practical handbook, the second edition of Handbook of Water and Wastewater Treatment Plant Operations continues to make the same basic point: water and wastewater operators must have a basic skill set that is both wide and deep. They must be generalists, well-rounded in the sciences, cyber operations, math operations, mechanics, technical concepts, and common sense. With coverage that spans the breadth and depth of the field, the handbook explores the latest principles and technologies and provides information necessary to prepare for licensure exams.

Expanded from beginning to end, this second edition provides a no-holds-barred look at current management issues and includes the latest security information for protecting public assets. It presents in-depth coverage of management aspects and security needs and a new chapter covering the basics of blueprint reading. The chapter on water and wastewater mathematics has tripled in size and now contains an additional 200 problems and 350 math system operational problems with solutions. The manual examines numerous real-world operating scenarios, such as the intake of raw sewage and the treatment of water via residual management, and each scenario includes a comprehensive problem-solving practice set.

The text follows a non-traditional paradigm based on real-world experience and proven parameters. Clearly written and user friendly, this revision of a bestseller builds on the remarkable success of the first edition. This book is a thorough compilation of water science, treatment information, process control procedures, problem-solving techniques, safety and health information, and administrative and technological trends.

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First off the editing is awful, so many misspelled words. The equations are NOT explained AT ALL... I'm having a hell of a time trying to work out the problem:
what should be the minimum weir
height for measuring a flow of 900gal/min with a 90 degree V-notch weir, if the flow is now moving at 3ft/sec in a 2-ft wide rectangular channel?
for class. the question comes from chapter 5 and the explanation is NON-EXISTENT.
I cant learn from this book. It's literally the worst book I've ever had.

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### Contents

 Current Issues in Water and Wastewater Treatment Operations 3 13 MultipleBarrier Concept 5 14 Management Problems Facing Water and Wastewater Operations 8 The New Oil? 16 16 Technical Management vs Professional Management 19 Chapter Review Questions 23 WaterWastewater Operators 25 22 Setting the Recent Straight 26
 1015 Piping Ancillaries 415 Chapter Review Questions 420 References and Suggested Reading 421 Characteristics of Water 423 Basic Water Chemistry 425 112 Chemistry Fundamentals 427 113 Water Solutions 430 114 Water Constituents 431

 24 Plant Operators as Emergency Responders 27 25 Operator Duties Numbers and Working Conditions 28 26 Operator Certification and Licensure 29 Chapter Review Questions 30 Upgrading Security 31 33 Security HardwareDevices 34 34 SCADA 57 The Bottom Line on Security 66 References and Suggested Reading 67 WaterWastewater References Models and Terminology 69 Chapter Review Question 77 References and Suggested Reading 78 WaterWastewater Operations Math and Technical Aspects 79 WaterWastewater Math Operations 81 55 Applied Math Operations 102 56 Water Math Concepts 104 57 Wastewater Math Concepts 144 58 WaterWastewater Laboratory Calculations 182 Chapter Review Questions 189 References and Suggested Reading 197 Blueprint Reading 199 62 Units of Measurement 207 63 Alphabet of Lines 208 64 Dimensions and Shop Notes 217 65 Machine Drawings 221 66 Sheet Metal Drawings 224 67 Hydraulic and Pneumatic Drawings 226 68 Welding Blueprints and Symbols 231 69 Electrical Drawings 236 610 ACR Drawings 240 611 Schematics and Symbols 244 612 Electrical Schematics 248 613 General Piping Systems and System Schematics 255 614 Hydraulic and Pneumatic System Schematic Symbols 260 Chapter Review Questions 264 References and Suggested Reading 265 Water Hydraulics 267 73 Density and Specific Gravity 268 74 Force and Pressure 270 75 Head 272 77 Piezometric Surface and Bernoullis Theorem 274 78 Well and WetWell Hydraulics 277 79 Friction Head Loss 279 710 Basic Piping Hydraulics 282 711 OpenChannel Flow 283 712 Flow Measurement 286 Chapter Review Questions 295 Fundamentals of Electricity 297 81 Nature of Electricity 298 83 Conductors Semiconductors and Insulators 300 84 Static Electricity 301 85 Magnetism 302 86 Difference in Potential 304 87 Current 305 89 BatterySupplied Electricity 306 810 Simple Electrical Circuit 310 811 Ohms Law 311 812 Electrical Power 313 813 Electrical Energy KilowattHours 314 815 Ground 320 816 Open and Short Circuits 321 818 SeriesParallel Circuits 327 820 Electromagnetism 333 821 AC Theory 336 822 Inductance 342 823 Practical Electrical Applications 345 Chapter Review Questions 354 References and Suggested Reading 355 Hydraulic Machines Pumps 357 92 Basic Pumping Calculations 358 93 Centrifugal Pumps 364 94 PositiveDisplacement Pumps 375 Chapter Review Questions 376 WaterWastewater Conveyance 377 103 Definitions 379 104 Fluids vs Liquids 380 106 Piping System Accessories 382 108 Metallic Piping 383 109 Nonmetallic Piping 390 1010 Tubing 394 1011 Industrial Hoses 399 1012 Pipe and Tube Fittings 404 1013 Valves 407 Protective Devices 413
 115 Common Water Measurements 434 116 Water Treatment Chemicals 436 Chemical 438 Chapter Review Questions 441 Water Microbiology 443 123 WaterWastewater Microorganisms 444 125 Microorganism Classification and Differentiation 445 126 The Cell 446 127 Bacteria 448 128 Protozoa 449 129 Microscopic Crustaceans 451 1211 Algae 452 1214 Water Treatment and Microbiological Processes 453 1215 Wastewater Treatment and Biological Processes 462 Chapter Review Questions 467 Water Ecology 469 133 Why Is Ecology Important? 470 134 Why Study Ecology? 471 135 History of Ecology 473 136 Levels of Organization 475 137 Ecosystems 476 139 Food Chain Efficiency 478 1311 Productivity 479 1312 Population Ecology 480 1313 Stream Genesis and Structure 482 1314 Benthic Life 490 1316 Benthic Macroinvertebrates 491 1317 Typical Benthic Macroinvertebrates in Running Waters 493 Summary of Key Terms 500 Water Quality 503 142 The Water Cycle 504 143 Water Quality Standards 505 144 Water Quality Characteristics of Water and Wastewater 506 Chapter Review Questions 517 Biomonitoring Monitoring Sampling and Testing 519 152 Periphyton Protocols 520 153 Fish Protocols 521 155 Biological Sampling in Streams 523 156 Drinking Water Quality Monitoring 537 157 General Preparation and Sampling Considerations 540 158 Test Methods for Drinking Water and Wastewater 542 Chapter Review Questions 572 Water and Water Treatment 575 Potable Water Source 577 162 Hydrologic Cycle 578 163 Sources of Water 579 165 Groundwater 584 166 Groundwater under the Direct Influence of Surface Water 586 168 Public Water System Quality Requirements 588 Chapter Review Questions 594 Watershed Protection 595 173 What Is a Watershed? 596 175 A Watershed Protection Plan 597 Chapter Review Questions 602 Water Treatment Operations 603 183 Purpose of Water Treatment 604 185 Pretreatment 605 186 Coagulation 614 187 Flocculation 616 188 Sedimentation 617 1810 Disinfection 626 1811 Arsenic Removal for Drinking Water 653 1812 Who Is Ultimately Responsible for Drinking Water Quality? 658 Chapter Review Questions 659 References and Suggested Reading 661 Wastewater and Wastewater Treatment 665 Wastewater Treatment Operations 667 193 Measuring Plant Performance 670 194 Wastewater Sources and Characteristics 672 195 Wastewater Collection Systems 675 196 Preliminary Treatment 677 197 Primary Treatment Sedimentation 684 198 Secondary Treatment 689 199 Activated Sludge 704 1910 Disinfection of Wastewater 726 1911 Advanced Wastewater Treatment 735 1912 Solids SludgeBiosolids Handling 746 1913 Permits Records and Reports 768 Chapter Review Questions 771 References and Suggested Reading 774 Answers to Chapter Review Questions 777 Formulae 791 Index 793 Copyright