On Biomineralization (Google eBook)

Front Cover
Focusing on the basic principles of mineral formation by organisms, this comprehensive volume explores questions that relate to a wide variety of fields, from biology and biochemistry, to paleontology, geology, and medical research. Preserved fossils are used to date geological deposits and archaeological artifacts. Materials scientists investigate mineralized tissues to determine the design principles used by organisms to form strong materials. Many medical problems are also associated with normal and pathological mineralization. Lowenstam, the pioneer researcher in biomineralization, and Weiner discuss the basic principles of mineral formation by organisms and compare various mineralization processes. Reference tables listing all known cases in which organisms form minerals are included.
  

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Contents

INTRODUCTION
3
The Macromolecules
20
Controlled and Uncontrolled Biomineralization Processes
26
The Real World
41
PROTOCTISTA
50
Foraminiferida
60
Haptophyta Coccolithophoridae
67
CNIDARIA
74
Enameloid
180
Enamel
182
SOME NONSKELETAL FUNCTIONS
189
Functions of Biologically Formed Magnetite Crystals
196
An Iron Storage Macromolecule
202
Increase in the Amount of Biogenic Mineral Formed in Marine Warm
208
Environmental Influences on Trace Element and Oxygen Isotopic
217
Environmental Influence on Skeletal Growth
223

MOLLUSCA
88
ARTHROPODA
111
Spicule Formation in Sea Urchin Larvae
127
Ascidiacea
140
Cartilage
167
Evolution of Phosphate Mineralization
240
The Evolution of Composite
247
INDEX
309
Copyright

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