History of the Finns in Michigan

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Wayne State University Press, 2001 - History - 512 pages
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A history of the Finnish people in Michigan published in English for the first time. Michigan's Upper Peninsula was a major destination for Finns during the peak years of migration in the nineteenth century and the early decades of the twentieth century. Several Upper Peninsula communities had large Finnish populations and Finnish churches, lodges, co-operative stores, and temperance societies. Ishpeming and Hancock, especially, were important nationally as Finnish cultural centers, with Finnish newspapers, publishing houses, and fraternal and insurance societies, as well as Suomi College and the seminary and administrative offices of the Suomi Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church. Originally published in Finnish in 1967 by Armas K. E. Holmio, History of the Finns in Michigan, translated into English by Ellen M. Ryynanen, brings the story of the contribution of Finnish immigrants into the mainstream of Michigan history. Holmio combines firsthand experience and personal contact with the first generation of Finnish immigrants with research in Finnish-language sources to create an important and compelling story of an immigrant group and its role in the development of Michigan. His
  

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Contents

Foreword by A William Hoglund
7
The Origin of the Finns
17
Early Emigration from Finland
32
More Recent Emigration from Finland
48
The First Finn in Michigan
72
The Copper Country
76
Gogebic County
127
Marquette Dickinson and Iron Counties
133
77e Rre and Decline of the Temperance Movement
219
Tfce ?we and Decline of the Labor Movement
273
The Knights and Ladies of Kaleva
304
The Cooperative Movement
329
Cultural and Educational Achievements
366
77e Swedish Finns in Michigan
405
Finland and the Finns of Michigan
413
From What Parishes Did They Come?
441

The Eastern Counties of the Upper Peninsula
144
Lower Michigan
162
Churches
172
Notes
451
Index
485
Copyright

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About the author (2001)

Armas K. E. Holmio (1897-1977), a Finnish immigrant, was pastor of the Lutheran Church of American and a professor of history at Suomi College and Theological Seminary.