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Level of Development
Equalities and Inequalities
Subcultures Cleavage Patterns and Governmental
The Beliefs of Political Activists
Summary and Qualifications
Some Implications for Strategies
Countries Classified According to Eligi
B Contemporary Polyarchies circa 1969
agrarian societies American archy Argentina Belgium Britain centrally dominated social century chances Chile citizens classic liberal coercion competitive oligarchy competitive politics competitive regime conflict constitutional cooperation coun democracy democratic economic effective elections electoral elites equality example exist extreme inequalities factors favorable foreign Germany Gini index hegemonic regime highly historical inaugurated inclusive polyarchy income independence India Italy kibbutz leaders legitimacy less level of socioeconomic liberalization ment military nazism near-polyarchies Netherlands Norway number of countries opposition organizations participation particular party system peasant pluralistic social order policies political activists political beliefs political culture political parties political resources political system poly population problems public contestation relatively representative democracy revolution Russett scale types Seymour Martin Lipset Sidney Verba socioeconomic socioeconomic development socioeconomic sanctions Stein Rokkan strata subcultural pluralism suffrage Sweden Switzerland tion transformation United universal suffrage variables vote World Yale University
Page 2 - ... all full citizens must have unimpaired opportunities: 1. To formulate their preferences 2. To signify their preferences to their fellow citizens and the government by individual and collective action 3. To have their preferences weighted equally in the conduct of the government, that is, weighted with no discrimination because of the content or source of the preference.
Page 3 - These three opportunities, in turn, are dependent on the following institutional guarantees: 1. Freedom to form and join organizations 2. Freedom of expression 3. Right to vote 4. Eligibility for public office 5. Right of political leaders to compete for support 5a.