The complex and distinctive Spartan tradition has been a prominent theme in western thinking from antiquity to today. Sparta is also one of a handful of ancient Greek cities with enough existing evidence for historians to create a realistic social portrait. Over the past quarter-century Paul Cartledge has established himself as the leading international authority on ancient Sparta. Spartan Reflections is a superb collection of his essays—two are published here for the first time, and the rest, often difficult to locate, have been revised and updated for publication in book form. Giving us a real sense of what Sparta was like as a culture, these essays constitute a fascinating introduction to and overview of ancient Spartan history and its reception. This collection, unique in breadth and scope, will be an essential source for anyone interested in this idiosyncratic society.
Cartledge brings us up to date on what is known about the most important and intriguing aspects of Sparta: its military development, questions of gender and sexuality, and the difficult problem of artistic and literary aspects of Sparta. We learn about the institutions that distinguished Sparta from other city-states, including its religion, education process, degree of literacy, secret service, unusual system of servitude, and institutionalized pederasty. Throughout, Cartledge also makes important comparisons with Athens, helping us grasp what is really striking about Sparta.
Cartledge's writing is clear and engaging as he draws from myriad sources both ancient and modern, as well as from political and cultural theory. These essays, together with their magisterial bibliography, demonstrate his remarkable scholarly and intellectual range. Spartan Reflections will be an important source on the most significant issues in Sparta scholarship today as well as a fascinating look at this culture for general readers.
A Selection of the History Book Club
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SpartaWatching General Introduction
City and Chora in Sparta Archaic to Hellenistic
The Peculiar Position of Sparta in the Development of the Greek CityState
Literacy in the Spartan Oligarchy
Spartan Kingship Doubly Odd?
Comparatively Equal A Spartan Approach
A Spartan Education
The Politics of Spartan Pederasty
Rebels and Sambos in Classical Greece A Comparative View
The Birth of the Hoplite Spartas Contribution to Early Greek Military Organization
The Mirage of Lykourgan Sparta Some Brazen Reflections
The Importance of Being Dorian An Onomastic Gloss on the Hellenism of Oscar Wilde
Spartan Wives Liberation or Licence?
adult Agesilaos agoge Alkman ancient Greek ancient Sparta archaeological Archaic Aristotle Aristotle's Athenian Athens bronze Cartledge Cartledge 1987 century BC Chapter civic Classical Greece comparative constitution context contrast Croix cultural damos democratic discussion Dorian Dover early economic Ephors equality erastes eromenos essay evidence female festival FGrHist fifth figurine Finley fourth centuries function further Gerousia Greek world Helots Herodotus historian Hodkinson Homeric homosexuality hoplite Hyakinthia ideology Jeffery kingship Kleomenes Lakonian least literacy literally Lykourgos Lysander male marriage Messenian military mirage modern Old South oligarchy original Ortheia Pausanias Peloponnesian perhaps Perioikoi Plato Plut Plutarch polis precisely probably Raaflaub relationship Rhetra ritual role sanctuary sense sexual significance sixth century slave revolts slavery Snodgrass social sources Sparta town Spartan boys Spartan citizens Spartan king Spartan pederasty Spartan society Spartan women Spartiate Sphodrias suggest Thuc Thucydides tion Tyrtaios warfare warrior Xenophon