Aviation and the Global Atmosphere: A Special Report of IPCC Working Groups I and III in Collaboration with the Scientific Assessment Panel to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer

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Joyce E. Penner
Cambridge University Press, 1999 - Science - 373 pages
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This Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report is the most comprehensive assessment available of the effects of aviation on the global atmosphere. The report considers all the gases and particles emitted by aircraft into the atmosphere and the role which they play in modifying the chemical properties of the atmosphere and initiating the formation of contrails. The report then considers how all this can modify the radiative properties of the atmosphere, leading to climate change, and can modify the ozone layer, leading to changes in ultraviolet radiation reaching the Earth. The report also considers how potential changes in aircraft technology, air transport operations, and the institutional, regulatory, and economic framework might affect emissions in the future. The volume provides accurate, unbiased, policy-relevant information to serve the aviation industry, policy-makers, environmental organisations, and researchers in global change, atmospheric chemistry, and economics.
  

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Contents

CONTENTS
17
Impacts of Aircraft Emissions on Atmospheric Ozone
29
AviationProduced Aerosols and Cloudiness
65
Modeling the Chemical Composition of the Future Atmosphere
121
Solar Ultraviolet Irradiance at the Ground
165
Potential Climate Change from Aviation
185
CONTENTS
187
62
198
CONTENTS
273
References
288
Current Inventories and Future Scenarios
291
CONTENTS
293
253
314
298
322
261
331
Regulatory and MarketBased Mitigation Measures
333

of Radiative Forcing
209
24
213
Aircraft Technology and Its Relation to Emissions
217
CONTENTS
219
223
258
Air Transport Operations and Relation to Emissions
271
Annexes
337
A Authors Contributors and Expert Reviewers
353
B Glossary of Terms
361
Acronyms Abbreviations and Units
367
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