The Forgotten Schools: The Baha'is and Modern Education in Iran, 1899-1934
By the end of the nineteenth century, it became evident to Iran's ruling Qajar elite that the state痴 contribution to the promotion of modern education in the country was unable to meet the growing expectations set by Iranian society. Muzaffar al-Din Shah sought to remedy this situation by permitting the entry of the private sector into the field of modern education and in 1899 the first Baha段 school was established in Tehran. By the 1930s there were dozens of Baha段 schools. Their high standards of education drew many non-Baha段 students, from all sections of society. Here Soli Shahvar assesses these "forgotten schools" and investigates why they proved so popular not only with Baha段s, but Zoroastrians, Jews and especially Muslims. Shahvar explains why they were closed by the reformist Reza Shah in the late 1930s and the subsequent fragility of the Baha段s position in Iran.
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Education in the Reformist Thought
Muzaffar alDin Shah Qajar
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