The New Italian Republic: From the Fall of the Berlin Wall to Berlusconi

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Psychology Press, 1996 - Political Science - 334 pages
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Recent Italian political life has been transformed by the demise of the Italian Communist Party, the growth of the federalist Northern Leagues and the collapse of the Christian Democrats, the Socialists and their government allies in the wake of the Tangentopoli (Kickback City) scandals. This study charts the breakdown of the old party system and examines the changed political climate that allowed Silvio Berlusconi and his allies to emerge as the political masters of Italy. The sections of the book are organized in such a way as to combine up to date information with reflection on longer term trends and problems. This book should be of interest to both students and scholars of west European politics, comparative politics and Italian studies as well as the general reader who wishes to make sense of the contemporary Italian political landscape.
  

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Contents

the new Italian Republic
1
Context
17
Explaining Italys crisis
19
Electoral reform and political change in Italy 19911994
40
The old party system
57
Political Catholicism and the strange death of the Christian Democrats
59
Italian Communism in the First Republic
72
The rise and fall of Craxis Socialist Party
85
Politics and society
189
A legal revolution? The judges and Tangentopoli David Nelken
191
The mass media and the political crisis
206
The system of corrupt exchange in local government
221
The resistible rise of the new Neapolitan Camorra
234
The changing Mezzogiorno Between representations and reality
247
Economic aspects of the crisis
261
The economic elites and the political system
263

The fate of the secular Centre The Liberals Republicans and Social Democrats
99
The new parties
111
The Northern League From regional party to party of government
113
Forza Italia The new politics and old values of a changing Italy
130
Towards a modern Right Alleanza Nazionale and the Italian Revolution
147
The great failure? The Democratic Party of the Left in Italys transition
159
The Left Opposition and the crisis Rifondazione Comunista and La Rete
173
Excesses and limits of the public sector in the Italian economy The ongoing reform
273
Industrial relations and the labour movement
294
Conclusion
309
Italian political reform in comparative perspective
311
Index
326
Copyright

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About the author (1996)

Stephen Gundle is Professor of Film and Television Studies at Warwick University, having previously taught at Royal Holloway, University of London and both Oxford and Cambridge universities. He has written widely on the mass media, the cultural aspects of politics, fashion, and the impact of
American modernity on European popular culture. He is the author of Bellissima: Feminine Beauty and the Idea of Italy and co-author of The Glamor System (with Clino T. Castelli).

Professor Parker is Head of the Department of Economics & Finance at Durham University and Director of the Centre for Entrepreneurship at Durham Business School. He is also a Research Professor of the Max Planck Institute of Economics, Jena Germany, and a Research Fellow at the IZA Institute for the Study of Labor, Bonn Germany. He has published over 40 articles in peer-reviewed journals in economics and entrepreneurship, and is the author of The Economics of Self-employment and Entrepreneurship (Cambridge University Press, 2004)

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