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Middleborough (for N. W.) ag. 19 3 yrs. or
"enlisted," not draught,
Wareham ag. 19
Middleborough " 33 (from N. Wood's Co.)
(Jonah Washburn 1st. Lt.)
3 yrs. or
FROM Capt. Wm. Tupper's Co.
Perez Simmons Middleborough ag. 16 3 yrs.
Gideon Cobb till Jan. 10, 1778
Simeon Cotton Rathem" 17
Micah Leach " 21
Thomas Gannet " 39
A. Fuller, an officer afterwards a capt.
Prior to 1778 the maintenance of the soldiers who were serving in the different campaigns had been left to their families and neighbors. While the men were absent in service, the work on the farm was done by the old men, by the women, or by those too young to enlist. The long continuance of the war resulted in great hardship to many of those who were in the field. Accordingly we find that from time to time the town provided for their necessities by votes: —
At a town meeting held January 5, 1778, it was voted that " the town treasurer hire the sum of $200. for the use of the committee to enable them to procure necessaries for the families of the soldiers in the continental service."
And on the 9th of March, 1778, at a town meeting it was voted " to choose a committee of 7 persons to take care of the families of the soldiers that are in the Continental army, and that said committee deal out provisions to the families of the soldiers agreeable to a former act of the town.
"Committee is as follows : —
At a town meeting held May 5, ^78, it was voted that "the selectmen hire the sum of 626^ and 13 shillings in order to purchase clothing for the soldiers in the Continental army.
"Voted to choose a committee of 5 persons to set a price to said clothing. "Voted that the select men and company of inspection assist the above said committee relating to the price of said clothing."
May 5, 1778, committee reported on the price of clothing as follows: —
"Shoes 1 pound, 16 shillings a pair.
Shirts 1" 7 " a piece,
one shirt to contain 3 yards of one yard wide of linen and tow cloth.
Stockens 1 pound a pair."
The town voted to accept said report.
May 18, 1778: —
"Voted to pay the 26 Continental men now raising for Gen. Washington's army the sum of 30 pounds to be paid to each man," and also voted that "the town treasurer give his note for 30 pounds payable to each man in behalf of the town, said note to be paid in nine months, from that date without interest."
"Voted to deal stores to the families of soldiers of the Continental service toone fourth part of their wages, the committee to deal out said stores." 7th of July : —
"Voted that the town treasurer give his note for 14 pounds in behalf of the town to each of the 19 men now raising for the service of the state of Rhode Island, said notes to be on interest to be paid on the first day of Jan. next."
January 1st, 1779: —
"Voted that those soldiers that continue at home, with or without furlow, have no supply from the committee while absent from the army."
"An Order sent out by the Great and General Court of the state of Massachusetts Bay, dated June 8, 1779.
"That the Town of Middleboro have 10 men to raise for the Rhode Island Service, to serve until the 1st. day of Jan. next, and said men are to be paid 3c lbs. each out of Treasury of said Town of Middleboro. Voted that the Town Treasurer give his note of 30 lbs. to each of said 10 men with interest till paid."
June 14, 1780: —
"Voted to raise men to reinforce the army, 55 the number assigned to this town for the term of six months.
"Voted that the town treasurer give his security to the men that engage in said' service or that were held in said service, the securities, if any are demanded tobe given, are to be given in farming produce or silver money or lumber or paper currency."
On June 14, 1780, at a town meeting it was voted that the town treasurer hire money for the help of raising the men if wanted.
"Voted that there be paid to each man that engages in the service as a soldier 200.^ of bloomery bar iron per month or farming produce in proportion to said iron.
"Voted that 400 Continental dollars be paid to the men that engage in said service instead of 100 of iron, the said sum to be paid to him that demands it and cannot do without the same."
July 3, 1780, it was voted according to an order sent out by the Great and General Court of this state to raise 65 men for the term of 3 months for the present service of war.
By resolve of the General Court December 4,1780, the town of Middleboro was required to furnish 49,733 pounds of beef for the use of the army or money sufficient to purchase the same. The town remonstrated to the General Court that they were unable to meet such requisition for several reasons: that they had recently complied with a similar requisition with great difficulty; that the lumber in town which furnished money for inhabitants had failed; that the men engaged in farming had been absent during the season for planting crops; that a large number had been in service and had not had the pay which was promised them, and that the town was not as fertile as many other towns, so that they were unable to realize either the money or the beef to meet with that requisition.
What action was taken by the General Court upon this requisition does not appear.
March 14, 1791 : —
"Voted to loan all the old Continental paper money now in the Town Treasury to the United States and that the Town Treasurer be the person to put said money on loan in the Town's behalf."
THE LOYALISTS OF THE REVOLUTION
T the commencement of and during the struggle for independence, Sabin, in his "American Loyalists," estimates that there were in the province of Massachusetts Bay more than two thousand loyalists, for the most part wealthy influential and professional men of the colony.1 Many of them had held commissions under the Crown, and had served with distinction in the army of George III, during the French and Indian and other wars. Others had held various civil appointments, which were then regarded as positions of honor. They were familiar with the history and the traditions of the mother country, and had the love and enthusiasm for England of loyal British subjects. While mindful of the wrongs and injustice that the colonies had suffered, the claims of the Crown were so strong that they could not readily throw them off.
Many of the inhabitants of Middleboro had a great struggle in choosing the side of the patriots and taking up arms against the mother country. In the neighboring towns, many of the prominent families of Plymouth, Halifax, Freetown, Marshfield, Rochester, and Taunton early espoused the cause of the king. The loyalists2 all over the country were banished
1 John Adams was inclined to believe that in the colonies at large not more than two thirds were against the Crown at the breaking out of the Revolution. The last vote that showed the strength of the loyalists in the town of Boston was in 1775, when the vote stood five against two. Of the three hundred and ten persons who were banished from the country and their estates confiscated, over sixty were graduates of Harvard College. Memorial History of Boston, vol. iii, p. 175.
2 " Upwards of eleven hundred retired in a body with the royal army at the evacuation of Boston. This number includes, of course, women and children. Among the men, however, were many persons of distinguished rank and consideration. Of members of the council, commissioners, officers of the customs, and other officials, there were one hundred and two; of clergymen, eighteen; of in