Expert physicians and researchers in sports medicine comprehensively review what is known about how such activity effects the endocrine system and how in turn these evoked hormonal responses affect many other organs and systems of the body. Topics range from the various endocrine pathways that are altered by exercise, to the effect of hormones on performance. Other topics include the effect of exercise on puberty and growth and the hormonal regulation of fluid homeostasis, substrate metabolism, and energy balance. A substantial part of the book is devoted to the exercising female, and the influence of exercise-driven hormonal changes on the menstrual cycle, contraceptive use, pregnancy, and menopause. Comprehensive and authoritative, Sports Endocrinology constitutes a major new reference source that critically integrates what is known about the complex interaction of the endocrine system in the sports context. It will prove immensely valuable to all physicians and clinical investigators treating those active in sports today.
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List of Contributors
Lothar Schwarz Institute of Sports and Preventive Medicine University of Saarland
Thyroid Function and Exercise
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ACTH acute exercise adolescent aerobic alterations altitude amenorrhea anabolic steroids androgen Appl Physiol blood bone density bone mass bone mineral catecholamine cells changes chronic circadian circulating Clin Endocrinol Metab concentrations cortisol cycle phase decrease diabetes dietary effects of exercise endocrine Endocrinology endurance training energy availability epinephrine estradiol estrogen eumenorrheic exer exercise training exercise-induced female function glucose growth hormone hormonal responses HPA axis humans hypothalamic hypothyroidism hypoxia immune increase influence insulin insulin-like growth Int J Sports intensity lactate leptin luteal phase luteinizing hormone male marathon maximal mechanisms menarche menstrual cycle metabolic muscle neuroendocrine normal overtraining ovulation ovulatory P-endorphin performance physical activity physical exercise physiological pituitary plasma progesterone protein pubertal pulsatile rats receptor reduced release reported reproductive response to exercise rhythms runners Sci Sports Exerc serum skeletal stimulation stress studies subjects testosterone testosterone levels thyroid hormone tissue untrained vasopressin Veldhuis JD women