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The Dilemma of Psychology: A Psychologist Looks at His Troubled Profession
No preview available - 2002
altruistic amphibia animal intelligence antecedent argument atheistic attributes beginning of organic brain cause cell conscience Darwin demonstrated Difflugia doctrine emotions endowed energy environment essential evidence evolutionary development evolutionist existence facts of organic faculty functions fundamental germinal cell hence heredity human soul Huxley hypothesis impulse inductive reasoning infinite inherent inherited instinct of self-preservation intelligence intuition Lamarck's law of heredity Law of Psychic law of suggestion logical lower animals manhood reside manifested matter ment mental evolution mental organism miracle monera moneron moral natural selection objective ontogeny organic and mental organic evolution origin of species philosophers phylogenetic phylogeny physical organism possesses potentialities of manhood primary instincts primordial germ principle Professor Haeckel progressive development proposition Psychic Phenomena psychology question reflex action religion religious reproduction scientific scientists secondary instincts sentient creatures shown special creations Spencer stinct subjective mind teleological argument telepathy theism theistic tion true truth unicellular organism words
Page 223 - ... that they should seek God, if haply they might feel after him and find him, though he is not far from each one of us: for in him we live, and move, and have our being; as certain even of your own poets have said, For we are also his offspring.
Page 245 - The old argument from design in Nature, as given by Paley, which formerly seemed to me so conclusive, fails, now that the law of natural selection has been discovered. We can no longer argue that, for instance, the beautiful hinge of a bivalve shell must have been made by an intelligent being, like the hinge of a door by man.
Page 343 - This fundamental law, to which we shall recur again and again, and on the recognition of which depends the thorough understanding of the history of evolution, is briefly expressed in the proposition: that the History of the Germ is an epitome of the History of the Descent; or, in other words: that Ontogeny...
Page 231 - After much consideration, and with assuredly no bias against Mr. Darwin's views, it is our clear conviction that, as the evidence stands, it is not absolutely proven that a group of animals, having all the characters exhibited by species in Nature, has ever been originated by selection, whether artificial or natural.
Page 279 - The studenlof nature wonders the more and is astonished the less, the more conversant he becomes with her operations ; but of all the perennial miracles she offers to his inspection, perhaps the most worthy. of admiration is the development of a plant or of an animal from its embryo. Examine the recently laid egg of some common animal, such as a salamander or a newt. It is a minute spheroid in which the best microscope will reveal nothing but a structureless sac, inclosing a glairy fluid, holding...
Page 279 - ... too large to build withal the finest fabrics of the nascent organism. And then, it is as if a delicate finger traced out the line to be occupied by the spinal column, and moulded the contour of the body ; pinching up the head at one end, the tail at the other, and fashioning flank and limb into due...
Page 231 - Groups having the morphological character of species, distinct and permanent races in fact, have been so produced over and over again ; but there is no positive evidence at present that any group of animals has, by variation and selective breeding, given rise to another group which was even in the least degree infertile with the first. Mr. Darwin is perfectly aware of this weak point, and brings forward a multitude of ingenious and important arguments to diminish the force of the objection.
Page 279 - Let a moderate supply of warmth reach its watery cradle, and the plastic matter undergoes changes so rapid, and yet so steady and purposelike in their succession, that one can only compare them to those operated by a skilled modeller upon a formless lump of clay.
Page 383 - The compiler has performed a useful service In making accessible in the compass of a single volume so much material for the study of these noble poems." — The Review of Reviews. JOURNAL OF COUNTESS FRANCOISE KRASINSKA IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. Translated by Kasimir Dziekonska. With portrait and other illustrations. i6mo, gilt top, deckle edges. $1.25. " Not for a long time have we seen so entertaining a book as this. It gives, with charming...
Page 280 - ... and the size, characteristic of the parental stock ; but even the wonderful powers of reproducing lost parts possessed by these animals are controlled by the same governing tendency. Cut off the legs, the tail, the jaws, separately or all together, and, as Spallanzani showed long ago, these parts not only grow again, but the redintegrated limb is formed on the same type as those which were lost. The new jaw, or leg, is a newt's, and never by any accident more like that of a frog.