Figured bass accompaniment in France
This comprehensive study of French basse continue practice supplements an already sizeable body of literature on thoroughbass accompaniment, the emphasis of which has clearly been on Italian and German theoretical works. The numerous French accompaniment treatises written during the XVIIth and XVIIIth centuries seem to have been, with only a few choice exceptions, unjustifiably dismissed by many modern scholars as little more than harmonic tutors, and the discipline of musicology -- particularly as it relates to historical performance practice -- has definitely suffered as a result. These works certainly do not deserve such a fate, for they provide not only unique documentation of French harmonic theory as it evolved over the course of more than a century, but a wealth of important information regarding XVIIth- and XVIIIth-century French performance practice as well. It is the aim of this study to give as full an accounting as possible of basse continue performance as it is documented in the numerous XVIIth- and XVIIIth-century treatises produced in France, beginning with Nicolas Fleury's Methode pour facilement a toucher le theorbe sur la basse-continue (1660) and continuing through Pierre-Joseph Roussier's Traite des accords, et de leur succession (1764) and his L'harmonie pratique, ou exemples pour le Traite des accords (1775). The issues dealt with in the treatises are treated systematically, and provide the framework for the entire study.
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ChapterTwoThe Continue Group
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accompagner accords airs de cour arpeggiation autres Bartolomi 1669 bass lines bass note bass viol basse continue basse de violon Boyvin c'est Campion cello Chapter chord figured chordal composer composition Corbetta Corrette Couperin D'Anglebert Dandrieu Delair Derosier descending describes deux discussed dissonant chords doigts doit double bass ensemble Example 34 Example 49 fait faut figured bass first-inversion Fleury four France French accompaniment treatises fully figured gives Grenerin guitar hand-plucked instruments harmony harpsichord Ibidem includes indicate intervals Italian keyboard instruments l'accord l'harmonie l'on lute majeure major méthode mineure minor third motets musical examples musique Nivers normally figured octave ordinaire ornamentation parfait Paris perfect fifth Perrine peut pieces played player Present author's translation qu'il qu'on quinte Rameau realised règle de l'octave resolves root-position triad Rousseau Saint-Lambert 1707 septiéme seventh chord sixte sixth sustaining instruments tablature texture theorbo third thoroughbass tierce tremblements tritone tuning unfigured voice voix writes