Geological Survey Water-supply Paper, Issue 2104 (Google eBook)

Front Cover
U.S. Government Printing Office, 1974 - Irrigation
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Page 3 - Gage height is often used interchangeably with the more general term "stage," although gage height is more appropriate when used with a reading on a gage. Gaging station is a particular site on a stream, canal, lake, or reservoir where systematic observations of gage height or discharge are obtained.
Page 5 - For some gaging stations there are periods when no gage-height record is obtained or the recorded gage height is so faulty that it cannot be used to compute daily discharge or contente.
Page 5 - The slope or fall is obtained by means of an auxiliary gage set at some distance from the base gage. At some stations the stage-discharge relation is affected by changing stage; at these stations the rate of change in stage is used as a factor in computing discharge.
Page 5 - The type of gage currently in use, the datum of the present gage above mean sea level, and a condensed history of the types, locations, and datums of previous gages used during the period of record are given under "GAGE.
Page 2 - Contents is the volume of water in a reservoir or lake. Unless otherwise indicated, volume is computed on the basis of a level pool and does not include bank storage.
Page 4 - For stream-gaging stations, rating tables giving the discharge for any stage are prepared from stage- discharge relation curves. If extensions to the rating curves are necessary to express discharge greater than measured, they are made on the basis of indirect measurements of peak discharge (such as slope-area or contractedopening measurements, computation of flow over dams or weirs), velocity-area...
Page 6 - All independent peaks above the selected base are given. The base discharge, which is given in parentheses, is selected so that an average of about three peaks a year can be presented.
Page 2 - Cfs-day is the volume of water represented by a flow of 1 cubic foot per second for 24 hours.
Page 7 - The first is a table of discharge measurements at low-flow partial -record stations and the second is a table of annual maximum stage and discharge at crest-stage stations. Discharge measurements made at miscellaneous sites for both low flow and high flow are given in a third table.
Page 6 - Extremes." Unless otherwise qualified, the maximum discharge corresponds to the crest stage obtained by use of a water-stage recorder, a crest-stage indicator, or a non-recording gage read at the time of the crest. If the maximum gage height did not occur at the same time as the maximum discharge, it is given separately.

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