A Dictionary of the Ancient Greek World
More than four thousand years ago, a warrior people invaded the rugged hills and fertile plains of the Balkan Peninsula. These people were the ancient Greeks, and their legacy to modern global society is immense. The Greeks invented democracy, narrative history writing, stage tragedy and comedy, philosophy, biological study, and political theory. They introduced the alphabet to European languages and they developed monumental styles of architecture still used throughout the United States for museums, courthouses, and other public buildings. They created a system of sports competitions and a cult of physical fitness, both of which we have inherited. In sculpture, they perfected the representation of the human body. In geometry, they developed theorems and terminology that are still taught in schools. They created the idea of national literature, with its recognized great writers and the libraries to preserve their work. And, perhaps what most people would think of first, the Greeks bequeathed to us their treasure trove of myths, including a hero who remains a favorite today--Hercules.
A Dictionary of the Ancient Greek World assembles the people, places, events, and ideas of this spectacular civilization in one easy-to-use source. With over five hundred entries and more than seventy line-drawings, this essential A-Z reference covers every aspect of Greek civilization, from the beginning of Minoan civilization in the third millennium B.C. to the Roman annexation of mainland Greece in 146 B.C. Detailing not only the loftiest achievements of the Greeks but also the ordinary facets of their everyday life--from the philosophy of Plato to Greek sexual attitudes--this extraordinary compendium illuminates the vitality and genius of that influential culture.
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Achilles Aegean Aeschylus Alcibiades Alexander Alexander's ally ancient Greek Apollo ARGOS aristocratic army Artemis Asia Minor Athenian Athens battle became BOEOTIA bronze captured Carthaginians central Greece Chalcis circa citizens Cleisthenes coast colony CORINTH Corinthian Crete cult Darius death defeated DELIAN LEAGUE DELPHI DEMOCRACY Demosthenes DIONYSUS DORIAN GREEKS eastern EGYPT empire enemy Euripides famous goddess gods Greece Greek cities Greek MYTH Greek world HELLENISTIC AGE Hellespont Heracles hero Herodotus Hippias homosexual hoplite Iliad important included IONIA Ionian island ITALY known land later legend MACEDON Macedonian mainland Greece male MILETUS Minoan modern Mycenae MYCENAEAN CIVILIZATION mythical naval non-Greek Odysseus PELOPONNESE PELOPONNESIAN PELOPONNESIAN WAR Pericles Persian king PERSIAN WARS philosopher Phoenician Plato poet POETRY political Poseidon pottery probably Ptolemy region Roman Samos Seleucid ships Sicily siege SLAVES Socrates Sophocles Spartan surviving Syracuse temple Theban Thebes THESSALY Thracian Thucydides TRADE Trojan TROJAN WAR Troy tyrant victory WARFARE warships western Zeus